History 340
Colonial Latin American History
Fall Semester 1998
211 East Hall

Wayne Osborn


637 Ross

    Mark A. Burkholder & Lyman Johnson, Colonial Latin America (Oxford, 1990) .

    John E. Kicza, ed. The Indian in Latin American History: Resistance, Resilience, and Acculturation. (Scholarly Resources, 1993.

Alejo Carpentier, The Kingdom of this World. (New York, c. 19S7)

Reading Packet: Purchase at Prints across from Da Vinci's:

Arnold J. Bauer, "Millers and Grinders: Technology and Household Economy in Meso-America."

"Laws of Burgos."

William H. McNeill, "American Food Crops in the Old World."

John Leddy Phelan, "Authority and Flexibility in the Spanish Imperial Bureaucracy."

John C. Super, "Indian Food and Drink."


I. Encounter of Cultures in the Western Hemisphere: Human
Contact, Conflict, and Accommodation [Aug. 24-Oct 8]

A. Introduction & Origin of Humans in America: Read Burkholder & Johnson (BJ), pp. 1-13; Kicza, Introduction, pp. xi-xxvi.

B. Iberian Background and European Expansion: BJ, pp. 23-41 and "Laws of Burgos."

Essay due on "Laws of Burgos" at beginning of class on Tuesday, Sept. 15. See instructions below.

C .

Conquest of Mesoamerica and South America: BJ, Chapter Two; Kicza , Chapters 1 & 2, and Super, "Indian Food and Drink."


II. Foundations of Colonial Life: Social, Economic, and
Institutional patterns in Spanish America under the Habsburgs
[Oct. 13-Nov. 12
A. Political Organization and Process: BJ, pp. 79-88 and Phelan, "Authority and Flexibility in the Spanish Imperial Bureaucracy.

MAP EXERCISE ON OCTOBER 29: See below for instructions

B. The Church in Spanish America: BJ, pp. 92-106.

C. Resistance and Adaption: Indian Responses to European Presence: Kicza Chapters 3-6.

D. Population and Labor: BJ, Chapter 4.

E. Economic Activities and Imperial Relationships: BJ, Chapter 5 and Mcneill, American Food Crops in the Old World."

Society and Culture in Spanish America: BJ, Chapter 6 and
Bauer, "Millers and Grinders ...

ESSAY ON KICZA DUE THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 19: See instructions below

F. The Portuguese Contrast: Colonization of Brazil:

BJ, pp. 89-92, 2S8-271.

III. Eighteenth-Century Changes, Tensions, and Latin American Independence. [Nov. 17-Dec. 10]

A. Bourbon Reforms and Internal and External Threats to Spanish Colonial System. BJ, pp. 246-258 & 271-301.

B. Independence Process: Latin American Nations take Form. BJ, Chapter 8 and Carpentier, The Kingdom of this World.


1. Tuesday, September 15: Based on information contained in the "Laws of Burgos", write a three to four typewritten essay discussing what the authors of these regulations thought about the abilities and character of the Indians they encountered on the Island of Espanola and what techniques they proposed to use to govern and incorporate the Indians into the Spanish colonial system. These essays will be discussed in class on September 15 and will be turned in at end the period [30 pts. with 5 pts. deducted for late papers]

Hour Examination, Thursday, October 8 [100 pts.]

Eye-hand coordination exercise: In class on Thursday,
October 29
you will given a blank sheet and asked to drawn
Free-hand a map of the western hemisphere locating the

boundaries of the four Spanish viceregal divisions and their capitals, the Portuguese colony, and at least one French and one British possession in the Caribbean in c.1750. [20
pts. with five pt. penalty for not completing assignment in class on that day]

4. Thursday, November 19: Based on the articles in Kicza,
Chapters 1-6 write a six to seven typewritten paper on the
varieties of Indian responses to Spanish colonization and
the reasons for the different ways in which the various
Indians groups responded to the new political and social
implemented by the Europeans. Used in class discussion on
November 13 and turned in at end of class. [50
Pts. with ten
pts. deducted for late submission].

Final Examination Tuesday, Dec. 15, 9:45-11:45.

120 Pts.