Moti Segal  - List of Publications
Agricultural Meteorology
Dept. of Agronomy
Iowa State University
Ames, IA 50011

Tel: 515-294-2804

Reviewed Publications

Huss, A., M. Segal, G. Assaf, 1970: Model investigation of time-dependent distribution of radon. J. Geophys. Res., 75, 3020-3027.

Mahrer, Y. and M. Segal, 1979: Simulation of advective Sharav conditions over Israel. Israel J. Earth Sci., 28, 103-106.

Segal, M. and Y. Mahrer, 1979: Heat load conditions in Israel - a numerical mesoscale model study. Int. J. Biometeor., 23, 279-284.

Segal, M., Y. Mahrer, R.A. Pielke and R.T. McNider, 1981: A numerical mesoscale model study of pollutant transport over central Israel - preliminary results. Israel J. Earth Sci.,30, 1-11.

Segal, M. and R.A. Pielke, 1981: Numerical model simulation of biometeorological heat load conditions - summer day case study for the Chesapeake-Bay area. J. Appl. Meteor., 20, 735-749.

Segal, M., Y. Mahrer and R.A. Pielke, 1982: A numerical study of plume fumigation during nocturnal inversion break-up. Atmos. Environ., 16, 516-519.

Mahrer, Y. and M. Segal, 1982: The inland distribution of potential evaporation in central Israel during the warm season - a numerical model study. Contrib. Atmos. Phys., 50, 18-27.

Segal, M., Y. Mahrer and R.A. Pielke, 1982: Numerical model study of wind energy characteristics over central Israel. Bound.-Layer Meteor., 22, 373-392.

Segal, M., Y. Mahrer and R.A. Pielke, 1982: Application of a numerical mesoscale model for determining persistent regional climatological patterns. J. Appl. Meteor., 21, 1754-1762.

Segal, M., R.A. Pielke and Y. Mahrer, 1982: Quantitative evaluation of onshore pollutant recirculation over the Mediterranean coastal area of central Israel. Israel J. Earth Sci., 31, 39-46.

Segal, M., R.T. McNider, R.A. Pielke and D.S. McDougal, 1982: A numerical model study of regional air pollution meteorology of the Greater Chesapeake Bay area - summer day case study. Atmos. Environ., 16, 1381-1397.

Segal, M., R.A. Pielke and Y. Mahrer, 1983: On climatic changes due to a flooding of the Qattara Depression (Egypt). Climatic Change, 5, 73-83.

Pielke, R.A., R.T. McNider, M. Segal and Y. Mahrer, 1983: The use of a numerical mesoscale model for evaluations of pollutant transport and diffusion in coastal regions and over irregular terrain. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 64, 243-249.

Segal, M., Y. Mahrer and R.A. Pielke, 1983: A study of meteorological patterns associated with a lake confined by mountains - the Dead-Sea case. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 109, 549-564.

Segal, M. and R.A. Pielke, 1983: On the evaluation of the mixing layer during elevated plume fumigation. J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc., 33, 1190-1192.

Pielke, R.A., H.A. Panofsky and M. Segal, 1983: The O'Brien polynomial and its use to represent the turbulent mixing of pollution and heat within the convective boundary layer in mesoscale models. Bound.-Layer Meteor., 26, 191-195.

Segal, M., Y. Mahrer and R.A. Pielke 1984: On the meteorological patterns at the Dead-Sea area during advective Sharav conditions. Israel J. Earth Sci., 33, 76-83.

Ookouchi, Y., M. Segal, R.C. Kessler and R.A. Pielke, 1984: Evaluation of soil moisture effects on the generation and modification of mesoscale circulations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 2281-2292.

Mahrer, Y. and M. Segal, 1985: On the effect of islands geometry and size on inducing sea breeze circulation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 170-174.

Segal, M., Y. Mahrer, R.A. Pielke and R.C. Kessler, 1985: Model evaluation of the summer daytime induced flows over southern Israel. Israel J. Earth Sci., 34, 39-46.

Pielke, R.A., M. Segal, R.T. McNider and Y. Mahrer, 1985: Derivation of drainage flow equations using two different coordinate representations. J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 1102-1106.

Mahrer, Y., M. Segal and R.A. Pielke, 1985: Mesoscale modelling of wind energy over non-homogeneous terrain. Bound.-Layer Meteor., 31, 13-23.

Segal, M. and R.A. Pielke, 1985: On the effect of water temperature and synoptic flows on the development of surface flows over narrow-elongated water bodies. J. Geophys. Res., 90, No. C3, 4907-4910.

Mahrer, Y., and M. Segal, 1985: Model evaluations of the impact of perturbed weather on soil-related characteristics. Soil Sci., 140, 368-375.

Song, J.L., R.A. Pielke, M. Segal, R. Arritt and R.C. Kessler, 1985: A method to determine non-hydrostatic effects within subdomains a hydrostatic model. J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 2110-2120.

Segal, M., Y. Mahrer, R.A. Pielke and Y. Ookouchi, 1985: Modelling transpiration patterns of vegetation along south and north facing slopes during the subtropical dry season. Agric. Forest Meteor., 36, 19-28.

Song, J.L., R.A. Pielke and M. Segal, 1985: Vectorizing a mesoscale meteorological model on the CYBER 205. Environmental Software, 1, 10-16.

Segal, M., J.F.W. Purdom, R.A. Pielke, Y. Mahrer and J.L. Song, 1986: Evaluation of cloud shading effects on the generation and modification of mesoscale circulations, Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, 1201-1212.

Pielke, R.A. and M. Segal, 1986: Mesoscale circulations forced by differential terrain heating. In Mesoscale Meteorology and Forecasting, Ray, P., Ed., American Meteorological Society, 516-548.

Ookouchi, Y., M. Segal, R.A. Pielke and Y. Mahrer, 1987: On the effect of soil wetness on thermal stress. Int. J. Biometeor., 31, 45-55.

Ye, Z., M. Segal, R.A. Pielke, 1987: On the effect of atmospheric thermal stability and slope steepness on the development of daytime thermally-induced upslope flow. J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 3341-3354.

Segal, M., Y. Ookouchi and R.A. Pielke, 1987: On the effect of steep slope orientation on the intensity of daytime upslope flow. J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 3587-3592.

Segal, M., R. A. Pielke, R.W. Arritt and R.T. McNider, 1987: Comment on spatial switching between first order closure schemes in numerical mesoscale model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 3200-3201.

Pielke, R.A., R.W. Arritt, M. Segal, M.D. Moran and R.T. McNider, 1987: Mesoscale numerical modeling of pollutant transport in complex terrain. Bound.-Layer Meteor., 41, 59-74.

Segal, M., C-H. Yu, and R.A. Pielke, 1988: Model evaluation of the impact of thermally induced valley circulations in the Lake Powell area on long-range pollutant transport. J. Air Pollut. Control. Assoc., 38, 163-170.

Segal, M. and R.A. Pielke, 1988: Extrapolation of vertical profiles of wind speed within the marine atmospheric surface layer. J. Appl. Meteor., 27, 174-181.

Segal, M., C-H. Yu, R.W. Arritt and R.A. Pielke, 1988: On the impact of valley/ridge thermally induced circulations on regional pollutant transport. Atmos. Environ., 22, 471-486.

Arritt, R.W., Pielke, R.A., Segal, M., 1988: Variations of sulfur dioxide deposition velocity from terrain- forced mesoscale circulations. Atmos. Environ., 22, 715-723.

Segal, M., R.A. Pielke, R.W. Arritt, M.D. Moran, C-H Yu, D. Henderson, 1988: Application of a mesoscale atmospheric dispersion modelling system to the estimation of S02 concentration from major elevated sources in South Florida. Atmos. Environ., 22, 1319-1333.

Segal, M., Avissar, R., McCumber, M. and R.A. Pielke, 1988: Evaluation of vegetation cover effects on the generation and modification of mesoscale circulations. J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 2268-2292.

Weaver, J.F. and M. Segal, 1988: Some aspects of non-random cloudiness in solar energy application. Solar Energy, 41, 49-54.

Segal, M., R.A. Pielke, Jr. and Y. Ookouchi, 1988: On optimizing solar collectors under daily non-random cloudiness conditions. J. Solar Energy Engineering, 110, 346-348.

Garratt, J.R., M. Segal, 1988: On the contribution of atmospheric moisture to dew formation. Bound. Layer Meteor., 45, 209-236.

Segal, M., 1989: Atmospheric thermal stratification and the position of mechanical ventilation air intakes. Building and Environment, 24, 239-243.

Segal, M., W.E. Schreiber, G. Kallos, J.R. Garratt, A. Rodi, J. Weaver and R.A. Pielke, 1989: The impact of crop areas in northeast Colorado on mid-summer mesoscale thermal circulations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 809-825.

Pielke, R.A., G. Kallos and M. Segal, 1989: Horizontal resolution needs for adequate lower tropospheric profiling involved with thermally-forced atmospheric systems. J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 6, 741-758.

Ye, Z.J., M. Segal, J.R. Garratt and R.A. Pielke, 1989: On the impact of cloudiness on the characteristics of nocturnal downslope flows. Bound.-Layer Meteor., 49, 23-51.

Segal, M., J. Weaver and J.F.W. Purdom, 1989: Some effects of the Yellowstone fire smoke plume on northeast Colorado at the end of summer 1988. Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 2278-2284.

Segal, M., J.R. Garratt, G. Kallos and R.A. Pielke, 1989: The impact of wet soil and canopy temperatures on daytime boundary-layer growth. J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 3673-3684.

Ye, Z.J., J.R. Garratt, M. Segal and R.A. Pielke, 1990: On the impact of atmospheric thermal stability on the characteristics of nocturnal downslope flow. Bound. Layer Meteor., 49, 23-51.

Ye, Z.J., M. Segal and R.A. Pielke, 1990: A comparative study of daytime thermally induced upslope flow on Mars and Earth. J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 612-628.

Segal, M., X. Jia, Z. Ye and R.A. Pielke, 1990: On the effect of daytime surface evaporation on pollution dispersion. Atmos. Environ., 24A, 1801-1811.

Steyn, D.G. and M. Segal, 1990: The enhancement of crosswind pollutant dispersion by steadily veering winds in sea breezes. J. Appl. Meteor., 29, 429-432.

Segal, M., 1990: On the impact of thermal stability on some rough flow effects over mobile surfaces. Bound. Layer Meteor., 52, 193-198.

Segal, M. and D.G. Steyn, 1990: On a strategy for reducing short-range daytime ground level concentrations due to emissions from very tall stacks. J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc., 40, 220-223.

Segal, M. and G. Kallos, 1990: Some evaluations of the effect of ambient temperature on plume rise. J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 40, 1020-1022.

Segal, M., Cramer, J.H., R.A. Pielke, P. Hildebrand and J.R. Garratt, 1991: Observational evaluations of the snow-breeze. Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 412-424.

Segal, M., J.R. Garratt, R.A. Pielke and J. Ye, 1991: Scaling and numerical model evaluation of snow cover effects on the generation and modification of mesoscale circulations. J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 1024-1042.

Segal, M., J.R. Garratt, R.A. Pielke, P. Hildebrand, F. Rogers, J. Cramer and A. Schanot, 1991: On the impact of snow covered ground on daytime pollutants dispersion conditions. Atmos. Environ., 25B, 177-192.

Kallos, G. and M. Segal, 1991: On the meteorological conditions during post-precipitation periods-implications to pollutant dispersion. J. Appl. Meteor., 30, 297-311.

Segal, M., 1991: On the estimation of deep temperature inversions in mountainous area using satellite IR skin temperature. J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc., 41, 318-320.

Segal, M. and P. Alpert, 1991: Scheme for evaluating usage of wind energy by electric utilities. Applied Energy, 39, 235-240.

Segal, M., G. Kallos, J. Brown and M. Mandel, 1992: Morning temporal variations of shelter level specific humidity. J. Appl. Meteor., 31, 74-85.

Segal, M. and J. Davis, 1992: On the impact of deep cumulus reflection on the ground level global Irradiance. J. Appl. Meteor., 31, 217-222.

Segal, M. and R.W. Arritt, 1992: Nonclassical mesoscale circulations caused by surface sensible heat-flux gradients. Bull. Americ. Meteor. Soc. 73, 1593-1604.

Segal, M., H. Shafir, P. Alpert, M. Mandel and Y. Balmor, 1992: Climatic related evaluations of the summer peak-hours' electric load in Israel. J. Appl. Metero. 31, 1492-1498.

Segal, M., R.W. Arritt and J.E. Heim, 1993: A simple and efficient scheme for performing one and two-dimensional numerical model sensitivity experiments. Mon. Wea. Rev. 121, 1871-1873.

Segal, M., W.L. Physick, J. Heim and R.W. Arritt, 1993: On the enhancement of cold front temperature contrasts by differential cloud cover. Mon. Wea. Rev. 121, 867-873.

Segal, M. and G. Feingold, 1993: On the impact of summer daytime local convective cloud systems on the shelter temperature. J. Appl. Meteor. 32, 1570-1578.

Segal, M., 1993: A scheme for generation of controlled water temperature beaches. J. Environ. Syst., 22(2), 187-195.

Segal, M., P. Alpert, U. Stein, M. Mandel, and M. J. Mitchell, 1994: On the 2xCO2 potential climatic effects on the water balance components in the Eastern Mediterranean. Climatic Change, 27, 351-371.

Segal, M., M. J. Mitchell and R. W. Arritt, 1994: Some sensitivity evaluations of the potential 2xCO2 climate impact on deep convection over water bodies. J. Climate, 7, 1014-1018.

Segal, M., M. J. Mitchell and R. W. Arritt, 1994: Sensitivity of local deep convection potential over water bodies to sea-surface temperature and wind speed. Mon. Wea. Rev., 122, 2210-2217.

Segal, M., R. W. Arritt, C. Clark,R. Rabin, and J. Brown, 1995: Scaling evaluation of the effect of surface characteristics on potential for deep convection over uniform terrain. Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 383-400.

Pan, Z., M. Segal, R. Turner and E. Takle, 1995: Model simulation of impacts of transient surface wetness in summer rainfall in the U.S. midwest drought and flood years Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 1575-1581.

Kubesh, R. J. and M. Segal, 1995: A note on the thermal energy equivalent of a skew-T "box". Weather and Forecasting, 10, 442-448

Segal, M., R. W. Turner, J. Prusa, R. J. Bitzer, and V. Finely, 1996: Solar eclipse effect on shelter air temperature. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 77, 89-99.

Segal, M. and R. Kubesh, 1996: Inferring snow breeze characteristics from frozen lake breezes. J. Appl. Meteor.35, 1033-1039.

Pan, Z., E. Takle, M. Segal and R. Turner, 1996: Influence of model parameterization schemes on the response of rainfall to soil moisture in the central U.S. Mon. Wea. Rev.,124, 1786-1802.

Segal, M., R. W. Arritt, and J. E. Tillman, 1997: On the potential impact of daytime surface sensible heat flux on dissipation of Martian cold air outbreaks. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 1544-1549.

Segal, M., R. W. Arritt, J. Shen, C. Anderson, and M. Leuthold, 1997: On the clearing of cumulus clouds downwind from lakes. Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 639-646.

Segal, M., M. Leuthold, R. W. Arritt, C. Anderson and J. Shen, 1997: On small lakes daytime breezes: some observational and conceptual evaluations. Bull. Americ. Meteor. Soc., 78, 1135-1147.

Arritt, R., T. D. Rink, M. Segal, D. P. Todey, C. A. Clark, M. J. Mitchell, and K. M. Labas, 1997: The Great Plains low-level jet during the warm season of 1993. Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 2176-2192.

Segal, M., Z. Pan, R. W. Turner, and E. S. Takle, 1998: On the potential impact of irrigated areas in North America on summer rainfall caused by large scale systems. J. Appl. Meteor.,37, 325-331.

Segal, M., C. Anderson, R. W. Arritt, R. M. Rabin and D. W. Martin, 1999: Some observation of the clearing of cumulus clouds downwind from snow covered area. Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, 1687-1692.

Gallus, Jr., W. A. and M. Segal, 1999: Diabatic effects on late winter cold front evaluation: conceptual and numerical model evaluations.  Mon. Wea. Rev.,127,1518-1537.

Pan, Z., M. Segal, R. W. Arritt, T.-C. Chen, and S.-P. Weng, 1999: A method for simulating effects of quasi-stationary wave anomalies on regional climate. J. Climate,12,1336-1343.

Pan, Z., E. S. Takle, M. Segal, and R. W. Arritt, 1999: Simulation of potential impacts of human made landuse changes on the U.S. summer climate under various climatic regimes. J. Geophys Res., 104,6515-6528.

Gallus, Jr., W. A., and M. Segal, 1999: Cold front acceleration over Lake Michigan. Weather and Forecasting ,14,771-781.

Segal M.,Z. Pan and W.J.Gutowski Jr., 2000: Some conceptual and scaling evaluation of snowmelt events forced by warm soil . J. Hydrometeorology ,1,364-369.

Pan, Z., R. W. Arritt, M.  Segal, T.-C. Chen, and S.-P. Weng, 2000: Effects of quasi-stationary large scale anomalies on mesoscale features associated with 1993 flood; a regional model simulation.  J. Geophys. Res.,105,29551-29564.

Gallus, Jr., W. A., and M. Segal, 2000: Sensitivity of forecasted rainfall in a Texas convective system to soil moisture and convective parameterization. Weather and Forecasting,15,509-525.

Segal, M., R. W. Turner, and D. Todey, 2000: On the utilization of radiosonde meteorological data in air conditioning consideration of tall buildings.  Energy and Buildings,31,243-250.

Segal, M., Z. Pan,R.W. Arritt and E.S.Takle, 2001: On the potential change in wind power over the U.S due to increases of atmospheric greenhouse gases.  Renewable Energy,24,235-243.

Gallus,Jr. W. A.,and M. Segal, 2001: Impact of improved initialization of mesoscale features on convective rainfall in 10 km Eta simulation. Weather and Forecasting,16,680-696.

Wei , H. , M.Segal ,W. J. Gutowski Jr., Z. Pan ,R. W. Arritt ,and W.A. Gallus Jr. ,2001 :Sensitivity of simulated regional thermal fluxes during warm advection snowmelt to the lowest model level height. J. Hydrometeorology,2,395-405.

Segal M. ,Z. Pan , and R.W. Arritt,2002:On the effect of relative timing of diurnal and large-scale forcing on summer extreme rainfall characteristics over the central U.S. Mon. Wea. Rev.,130,1442-1450.

Prusa J. M., M. Segal, B. R. Temeyer , W.A. Gallus Jr., and E. S. Takle , 2002:Conceptual and scaling evaluation of vehicle traffic thermal effect on snow/ice covered roads. J. Appl. Meterol.,40,1225-1240.

Pan Z., M. Segal , and R.W. Arritt , 2004: Direct evaluation of the role of topography in forcing the low-level jet in central U.S- A case study of the 1993 flood.  Mon. Weather Rev.,132,396-403.

Segal M., E.A. Aligo and W.A Gallus Jr. 2004: A conceptual and scaling evaluation of the surface wetness effect on daytime on moisture convergence along surface cold front with differential cloud cover. J. Hydrometeorology, 5,363-369.

Pan Z., M. Segal ,R.W. Arritt and E.S.Takle, 2004: On the potential change in solar irradiance over the U.S due to increases of atmospheric greenhouse gases.  Renewable Energy,29,1923-1928.

Gallus Jr.W.A, and M. Segal, 2004: Does increased predicted warm season rainfall indicate enhanced likelihood of rain occurrence?. Weather and Forecasting,19,1127-1135.

Pan Z., R.W. Arritt , E.S. Takle ,W.J. Gutowski,Jr.,C.J. Anderson and M. Segal ,2004:Altered hydrologic feedback in a warming climate introduces a "warming hole". Geophys. Res. Lett.31,L17109,doi:10.1029/2004GL20528.

Jankov I., W.A. Gallus Jr., M.Segal ,B. Shaw and S.E. Koch ,2005:The impact of differernt WRF model physical parameterizations and their interactions on warm season MCS rainfall. Weather and Forecasting ,20,1048-1060.

Pan Z., M. Segal and C.E. Graves ,2006: On the potential change in surface water deposition over the continental U.S due to increase in atmospheric greenhouse gases. J. Climate ,19,1576-1585.

Aligo E.A., W.A Gallus Jr. and M. Segal ,2007: Summer rainfall forecast spread in an ensemble initialized with different soil moisture analyses. Weather and Forecasting ,22,299-314.

Jankov I., W.A. Gallus Jr., M. Segal and S.E. Koch, 2007: Influence of initial conditions on the WRF-ARW model QPF response to physical parameterization changes. Weather and Forecasting ,22,501-515.

Additional Publications

Segal, M., R.A. Pielke and Y. Mahrer, 1984: Evaluation of surface sensible heat flux effects on the generation and modification of mesoscale circulations.   Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Nowcasting, European Space Agency, Norrkoping, Sweden, 3-7 Sept., 263-269

Segal, M. and P. Alpert, 1989: On the relation between peak electric load, weather conditions and wind power availability in Israel-qualitative evaluation. Meteorology in Israel, 29-40.

Shafir, H., P. Alpert, M. Segal, 1992: On the relation between peak electric load, weather conditions and wind power availablity in Israel-quantitative evaluations. Meteorology in Israel, 27(1), 8-23.

Arritt, R.W., M. Segal and R.T. McNider, 1992: Response to transient atmoshperic forcing in a coupled ocean-atmosphere boundary layer model. Third Symposium on Global Change Studies, AMS, Atlanta, GA, Jan. 5-10.

Segal, M., M. Mandel and D. Zaslavsky, 1992: The meteorology of aero-electric power-stations in southern Israel-preliminary evaluation. Research Report, Dept. of Agricultural Engineering, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, 68 pp.

Segal, M., M. Mandel and Y. Balmor, 1994: Conceptual evaluations of the meteorological factors pertinent to air conditioning of tall buildings in Israel. Meteorology in Israel., 3, 8-19.

Segal, M., M. Mandel, A. Alpert, B. Ziv, R. Rabin and A. Zangvil, 1994: On potential dry-line effects along the northern Negev-conceptual evaluations. Isr. Res. Pap., I.M.S. Vol. 5, 37-45.

Segal, M., 1994: Mesoscale meteorology patterns in the proposed Pathfinder landing sites on Mars: In Notes and handouts from the second Mars Pathfinder Project Science Group meeting 9-10, June, JPL Pasadena, CA., 211-242.

Tillman, J., D. R. Sandstrom, S. Larsen and M. Segal, 1994: Martian planetary boundary layer/climatology station. In Mars Surveyor Science Objectives and Measurements Requirements Workshop, May 10-12, JPL, Pasadena, CA 162-163.

Segal, M., and R. Kubesh, 1994: Global warming: which sky's the limit? Physics Today, Dec., p.15.

Segal, M., R. W. Turner, and D. Yarger, 1995: On Scientific Electronic Journals and Conferences. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 2245-2246.

Prusa J.M.,M.,Segal, B.R. Temeyer, W.A. Gallus Jr. and E.S. Takle, 2002: Effect of vehicles on road snow and ice cover. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 83, 1589-1589.

Pan Z., M. Segal , and R.W. Arritt, 2003: The role of the Rockies in low-level jets. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 84, 1009-1010.