World War II
- Will German and Japanese power harm US interests?
is reluctant to enter the war, but F. Roosevelt gets US involved in supporting
- Unilateralist flirt with fascism
- Informal United Nations, 1942
- United Nations, IMF, World Bank in 1944-1945
What Tradition Covers World War II?
- US “under-extended” prior to 1942 (A. Stein)
- US arms in mid-1930s but has no defensive commitments abroad (unilateralism)
- LI as the “default” tradition?
- Why such under-commitment?
- Unilateralism & American System traditions dominate until after WWII
- FDR attempts containment without alliance commitments
- Dec. 1940: “Arsenal of Democracy” speech:
- 1941 lend-lease laws
- US will arm others not fight itself
Containment and the Cold War
How to create international security when non-LI failed in the past
system offers a model
- torn by Cold War rivalry
- Containment as Default?
Causes of the Cold War
2) Revisionist: US blamed primarily
3) Post-revisionist: Mutual interaction
Security dilemma plays a central role
- April 1949: NATO charter signed
troop commitments to
- July 1953: Korean War ends
- US has monopoly on nuclear weapons until 1949
Crises in 1950s test
- Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962
- Nuclear cooperation begins afterward
- increased authority and power in executive branch
- National Security Council, Dept. of Defense, CIA
- large peacetime military establishment
- permanent overseas commitments