Lancet Iraq Mortality Study
Study of mortality (all causes) in Iraq 14.6
months before invasion and 17.8 months after invasion, conducted in Sep. 2004.
Citation: L. Roberts, et al, "Mortality
before and after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: cluster sample survey."
The Lancet, Volume
364, Issue 9448, 20 November 2004-26 November 2004, pp.1857-1864
- 1.5-fold higher mortality in period after
invasion than before, excluding Falluja cluster (one of 33 clusters)
- Estimate of 98,000 post-invasion deaths (all
causes) at the 95% confidence interval (so a range of 8,000-194,000)
- 24% of deaths (23,520) attributed to violence
of any kind, not just coalition attack.
- If Falluja cluster is included, then 2.5-fold
increase in mortality, and violence accounts for 51% of deaths
- 84% were attributed to US, but only 5%
involved small-arms fire
- 46% of US violent deaths were of men (age
15-60; 46% were children under 15