Post-war Europe

 

Double Failure of European States

-          Economic failure: Great Depression in 1929

-          Military failure: World War II in 1939

 

Post-War Challenge to the Political Right

-          fascist states initiated WWII

-          right-of-center parties in many democratic states during the war

 

Dividing Europe after 1945

-          Yalta Conference (Feb. 1945)

         Eastern Europe as a Soviet sphere

-          Victory-Europe Day, May 1945

-          Potsdam Conference (July 1945)

         Occupation zones for Germany

 

US-Soviet Confrontation and European Future

-          ideological clash between capitalist market democracy and communist command authoritarianism

-          military rivalry over Soviet v. US security interests

-          economic competition over markets and resources