Question Set for Pol S 340 Test #3 (17 Nov.)

 

Eight of these twelve questions will be on Friday’s test. Each question will be worth 12 points (students are granted 4 points so the total points will equal 100). Partial credit will be given, so leaving a question blank on the test means a sure loss of 12 points.

 Each question presumes that lecture is a source. Authors are mentioned by name to aid students in identifying which readings are relevant to answering the question.

Sample Question: “How does rule under a neo-patrimonial regime differ from rule under a democratic regime? How does the capacity and autonomy of the state differ under each regime-type?”

SampleAnswer: Under a democratic regime, citizens in society vote a government into power, and that government commands the state apparatus. While the government is accountable to the people via elections, the state apparatus is should be autonomous from societal interference. Otherwise, unelected people would be determining what the state does, not the government that people elected. Under neo-patrimonial rule, the government is highly autonomous from society because patrons control citizens’ access to the government and state apparatus. Citizens depend on patronage rather than see the states provide them with services. An example would be villagers seeking assistance from tribal elders, rather than state officials. The state apparatus usually lacks capacity. 

 

  1. What are the three options for transitional justice in post-conflict or post-authoritarian states? Give an example of each. How have these options been used in Afghanistan and Iraq?
  2. What are two problems that Rory Stewart identifies with US and western states' approaches to political reconstruction in Iraq and Afghanistan? What does Stewart recommend that the international community do to aid political development?
  3. What does Seth Jones propose that NATO do to deal with warlords in Afghanistan? Is this compatible with Stewart's proposal? Why or why not?
  4. Does Elizabeth Rubin's description of conditions in Helmand province support or refute Stewart's argument? Why or why not?
  5. What are the differences between the Iraqi and Afghan electoral systems adopted during reconstruction and what outcomes have each of these systems led to in both states?
  6. How well do theories of civil war based on ethnic divisions or natural resources explain the outbreak of civil war in Afghanistan after 2001 and Iraq after 2003?
  7. What best explains why Afghanistan became embroiled in civil war in the late 1970s? Why is this explanation stronger than other potential theories on the outbreak of civil war?
  8. Compare and contrast, on at least four dimensions, the conditions that surrounded the outbreak of civil wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
  9. Based on the Economist survey of China and India, has China achieved better economic growth than India because China has an authoritarian political system while India has a democratic one? Why or why not?
  10. Discuss two economic policies that the Economist survey suggests enabled China to achieve economic growth that India could adopt. What are two shortcomings of Chinese economic policies?
  11. How has economic development -- as opposed to population growth or nature -- contributed to India's water shortage?
  12. Discuss two causes of India's water shortage. What are two aspects of the 'politics of water' that prevent an easy state-based solution?