Question Set for Pol S 340 Test #1 (25 Sep).

 

Eight of these fourteen questions will be on Monday’s test. Each question will be worth 12 points (students are granted 4 points so the total points will equal 100). Partial credit will be given, so leaving a question blank on the test means a sure loss of 12 points.

 

 Each question presumes that lecture is a source. Authors are mentioned by name to aid students in identifying which readings are relevant to answering the question.

 

 

Sample Question: “How does rule under a neo-patrimonial regime differ from rule under a democratic regime? How does the capacity and autonomy of the state differ under each regime-type?”

 

Sample Answer: Under a democratic regime, citizens in society vote a government into power, and that government commands the state apparatus. While the government is accountable to the people via elections, the state apparatus is should be autonomous from societal interference. Otherwise, unelected people would be determining what the state does, not the government that people elected. Under neo-patrimonial rule, the government is highly autonomous from society because patrons control citizens’ access to the government and state apparatus. Citizens depend on patronage rather than see the states provide them with services. An example would be villagers seeking assistance from tribal elders, rather than state officials. The state apparatus usually lacks capacity. 

 

  1. What are three ways of defining economic development? Is there any reason to prefer one over the others?

  2. Discuss how three of the “drivers” or causes of democratization work, according to Huntington and Diamond.

  3. Why, according to Diamond, have so few democracies broken down during the “Third Wave” of democratization? Do any of these factors explain why the Thai military was able to successfully depose the democratic regime in Thailand?

  4. Are countries with Muslim majorities less likely to become democracies? Why or why not? What evidence do Ibrahim, Sen, or Diamond offer for or against this proposition?

  5. What are three of Sach’s “Big Five development interventions” and what role does a state with high capacity play in achieving them?

  6. How do democratic transitions occur? How do “pacts,” “revolutions from above,” and “revolution from below” differ?

  7. What is the relationship between democratic rights and state capacity and between economic wealth and state capacity? Does encouraging democracy undermine the ability of developing states to build their capacity? Should we expect states to become more capable as they become richer?

 

  1. Discuss how legacies of colonial rule and integration into the global economy affect the capacity of post-colonial state?

  2. According to Anderson and Berger, what role did European imperialism and the Cold War play in the “export” of the European model of the “sovereign territorial state” to Asia and Africa?

  3. According to Bose, why does India avoid the problems that Pakistan and Sri Lanka encounter after independence? Are you persuaded by Bose? Why or why not?

  4. Based on Bose and Osaghae, how did the African National Congress (ANC) in South Africa and the Indian National Congress in India enable those post-colonial states to avoid the difficulties that plagued Pakistan and Nigeria?

  5. How does the relationship between nationalism and state-building in Latin America differ from the relationship in Asia and Africa?

  6. What are two reasons why the absence of inter-state war in post-colonial Africa has produced “weak” states, according to Herbst.

  7. Why are “peaceful routes” to state consolidation unlikely to succeed, according ot Herbst?