Question Set for Pol S 340 Test #1
Eight of these fourteen questions
will be on Monday’s test. Each question will be worth 12 points (students are
granted 4 points so the total points will equal 100). Partial credit will be
given, so leaving a question blank on the test means a sure loss of 12 points.
Each question presumes that lecture is a source. Authors are
mentioned by name to aid students in identifying which readings are relevant to
answering the question.
Sample Question: “How does rule
under a neo-patrimonial regime differ from rule under a democratic regime? How
does the capacity and autonomy of the state differ under each regime-type?”
Answer: Under a democratic regime, citizens in society vote a government
into power, and that government commands the state apparatus. While the
government is accountable to the people via elections, the state apparatus is
should be autonomous from societal interference. Otherwise, unelected people
would be determining what the state does, not the government that people
elected. Under neo-patrimonial rule, the government is highly autonomous from
society because patrons control citizens’ access to the government and state
apparatus. Citizens depend on patronage rather than see the states provide them
with services. An example would be villagers seeking assistance from tribal
elders, rather than state officials. The state apparatus usually lacks
are three ways of defining economic development? Is there any reason to
prefer one over the others?
how three of the “drivers” or causes of democratization work, according to
Huntington and Diamond.
according to Diamond, have so few democracies broken down during the
“Third Wave” of democratization? Do any of these factors explain why the
Thai military was able to successfully depose the democratic regime in
countries with Muslim majorities less likely to become democracies? Why or
why not? What evidence do Ibrahim, Sen, or Diamond offer for or against
are three of Sach’s “Big Five
development interventions” and what role does a state with high capacity
play in achieving them?
- How do
democratic transitions occur? How do “pacts,” “revolutions from above,”
and “revolution from below” differ?
is the relationship between democratic rights and state capacity and
between economic wealth and state capacity? Does encouraging democracy
undermine the ability of developing states to build their capacity? Should
we expect states to become more capable as they become richer?
how legacies of colonial rule and integration into the global economy
affect the capacity of post-colonial state?
to Anderson and Berger, what role did European imperialism and the Cold
War play in the “export” of the European model of the “sovereign
territorial state” to Asia and Africa?
to Bose, why does India avoid the problems that Pakistan and Sri Lanka
encounter after independence? Are you persuaded by Bose? Why or why not?
on Bose and Osaghae, how did the African National Congress (ANC) in South
Africa and the Indian National Congress in India enable those
post-colonial states to avoid the difficulties that plagued Pakistan and
does the relationship between nationalism and state-building in Latin
America differ from the relationship in Asia and Africa?
are two reasons why the absence of inter-state war in post-colonial Africa
has produced “weak” states, according to Herbst.
are “peaceful routes” to state consolidation unlikely to succeed,
according ot Herbst?