Politics of Development
What counts as “development”?
- increasing per capita GNI/GDP
- sustainable, increasing equality
o not sacrificing needs of future generations to meet present needs
o what counts as needs?
- “Human development”
o Access to education, health care, social liberties
§ Increasing literacy, longevity, health
o Political and civil rights and liberties
Politics as “rules and arrangements which shape associations of humans” (M. Oakeshott)
- Democratic/ majoritarian v. autocratic/oligarchic
- liberal/constitutional v. despotic/absolutist
- ethnic/confessional v. civic/tolerant
“a compulsory political association with continuous
organization whose administrative staff successfully upholds a claim to the
monopoly of the legitimate use of force in enforcement of its order in a given
territorial unit.” (Weber quoted in
Goal of Political Development
- establishment of liberal, representative, capitalist, democratic state?
- National self-determination of political rules and arrangements?
o should the high-income countries assist all forms