Republicanism v. Liberalism in Post-Conflict Settlements (Barnett)
- How should civil wars and state failures be resolved?
- What should the goal of political development be?
o establishment of liberal, representative, capitalist, democratic state?
o national self-determination of political rules and arrangements?
can it be determined except democratically?
- Moral or Causal Critique?
o Does liberal peace-building cause poor post-conflict outcomes?
o Are liberal peace-building advocates blameworthy for advocating poor policies?
Liberalism v. Republicanism
- liberalism focused on protecting autonomy of individual from state or societal interference
o autonomy permit actions that do not interfere with autonomy of others
o state is legitimate if it protects (and advances) autonomy
§ market and civil society should function in ways that enhance autonomy
bargaining among individuals (and groups) with fixed identities and interests
- republicanism focused on protecting individuals from arbitrary power of state and factions (society)
o collectively accepted goals are not arbitrary ones
o state is legitimate if it non-arbitrarily achieves collective goals
§ minimizes factional conflict
o deliberation among individuals (and factions) to achieve public good
or interest might change
Alleged Flaws of “Liberal Peace-Building” Approach
- insufficiently republican
- favor bargaining over deliberation
o collective goals are not a strong focus
o institutions designed to increase bargaining rather than impede arbitrary power (constitutional critique)
- non-state actors and institutions favored over state ones
o democratic representative elections privileged over building legitimate state
o state capacity under-developed
- international peace-builders are not accountable to population
- de facto blackmail (conditionality)?
o economic policies determined externally
o linked to aid budgets
Alternative, Republican Approach
- encourage participation in governance
o representation over formal elections
o power-sharing w/ international authorities
o aim is a state with popular legitimacy
- publicity and deliberation over close-door bargaining
o factions forced to justify positions
o collective aims set
- create strong state
o checks & balances to limit arbitrary rule by state
o state autonomy to achieve collective ends