Pol S 340 Final Exam Question Set
Twelve of these eighteen questions will
be on the final exam. Each question presumes that lecture is a source. Authors
are mentioned by name to aid students in identifying which readings are
relevant to answering the question.
Sample Question: "How does rule under a neo-patrimonial regime differ from rule under a democratic regime? How does the capacity and autonomy of the state differ under each regime-type?"
Sample Answer: Under a democratic regime, citizens in society vote a government into power, and that government commands the state apparatus. While the government is accountable to the people via elections, the state apparatus is should be autonomous from societal interference. Otherwise, unelected people would be determining what the state does, not the government that people elected. Under neo-patrimonial rule, the government is highly autonomous from society because patrons control citizens' access to the government and state apparatus. Citizens depend on patronage rather than see the states provide them with services. The state apparatus usually lacks capacity.
Questions Since Test #3
1. Discuss China's role in economic development in Africa. What is the magnitude of Chinese trade or investment in Africa? Why has Chinese economic aid and investment in Africa generated such controversy? What types of states receive Chinese funding?
2. What are two key elements of the dispute over agriculture between developed and developing countries in the Doha round of WTO talks?
3. According to Clapp how successful have the "countries of the Global South" been at the Doha Round? Explain whether this success/or lack of success is likely to continue.
4. How does IMF conditionality affect democratic governance, according to Kapur & Naím? What are two ways that the IMF can be updated to make it more democratic?
5. Explain the problem surrounding illegal logging in Indonesia. What does The Economist lay out as possible solutions to the problem?
6. Does eco-tourism in South Africa, Kenya, and India make ecological conservation more important than economic development or local communities' welfare? In which areas are local communities more or less empowered?
7. If more countries in the developing world experienced inter-state warfare rather than civil warfare, would they be more likely to have greater state capacity? Why or why not?
8. Is the "Third Wave" of democratization coming to a close in Muslim-majority states like Afghanistan and Iraq? Is this because Islam is not compatible with democracy?
9. In Thailand "business populism" led to a coup while in China a communist dictatorship oversees extensive economic growth under market capitalist policies. In Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Brazil, leftist populists were elected or re-elected to office recently. Do these events show that authoritarian rule produces better economic policies than democratic rule?