251 Quiz #1 Answer Key


Answer the question in the space provided (as best you can; use the back page if necessary). Questions 1-5 are worth 10 points each. Questions 6 & 7 are worth 25 points each.


1.    How did the nature of diplomacy change between the Ancient Greek city-states system and the Renaissance Italy city-states system?
EITHER Italy introduced permanent embassies rather than temporary ones OR Greeks focused on oratory to persuade; Italian diplomats did not

2.    What are two key parts of the realism that Mingst attributes to Thucydides?

Mingst lists  4; any 2 will do: state as unitary actor; state as prime actor; state as rational actor ; anarchy

3.    What is the alleged significance of the Peace of Westphalia after the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) in Europe?

It created the sovereign state system, or made states  sovereign

4.    What are two reasons from lecture to prefer theoretical explanations to idiosyncratic ones?

Parsimony, prediction, control (2 of 3)

5.    Why is cooperation under anarchy, even in situations like the Prisoners’ Dilemma, possible according to Mingst?


The likelihood of future interactions, or the benefits of reciprocity make coop. preferable

6.    Explain two methodological flaws or inferential errors in the following statement: “Poverty cannot cause terrorism because when we look at countries that experience terrorism, some are relatively wealthy, like Great Britain. Weakness causes terrorism because when Spain cut defense spending, a bombing occurred the next day.”


The statement 'selects on the dependent variable' by looking only at countries that have terrorism rather than countries that do and do not; post hoc ergo propter hoc fallacy because def. Spending is not clearly linked to the bombing causally.

7.     The economies of two countries, Alpha and Zeta, will grow by 3% a year. If they sign a free-trade agreement, Alpha’s economy will grow by 5% and Zeta’s will grow by 7%. According to liberal and realist approaches, will the countries sign the agreement? Why or why not?


Liberals say that the countries should sign since both will gain so it is in their interest to sign. Realists say that Alpha will not sign because Zeta will gain more than Alpha.