China India
% on < 1$/day 17 35
# undernourished (millions) 142 216
% < 5 years old underweigh 10 47
Infant mortality per 1000 30 65
Life expectancy at birth 71 63
Adult literacy % 91 57
Human Development Index rank  94 127
out of 177 states
Source: The Economist, Survey of India and China, 5 March 2005