Power

-         Capacity to effect (or cause) outcomes (Sodaro)

-         Control over outcomes

-         ability of A to get B to do something that B would not otherwise do (R. Dahl)

 

Does power along these lines capture elements of manipulation or persuasion?

 

How do we know what B would otherwise do?

 

How does B know what B would otherwise do?

 

 

 

Politics

 

-         “process by which communities pursue collective goals and deal with their conflicts authoritatively” (Sodaro)

 vs.

 

-         rules and arrangements which shape associations of humans (M. Oakeshott)

 

 

Political power

 

-         Sodaro’s stated: power to effect outcomes by controlling or influencing the state

 

-         Sodaro’s actual: power to effect “process by which communities pursue collective goals and deal with their conflicts authoritatively”

 

 

What is the state?

 

totality of a country’s governmental institutions and officials, together with the laws and procedures that structure their actitvies” (Sodaro)

 

“… a state is a human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory” (Weber)

 

 “Coercion-wielding organizations that are distinct from households and kinship groups and that exercise clear priority in some respects over all other organizations within substantial territories” (Tilly)

 


Features of the State 

 

-         Sovereignty

-         Legitimacy

-         Autonomy

-         Capacity

-         Purpose