Rise of the "Imperial Presidency"

 

Growth of Federal Bureaucracy

o     New Deal reforms in 1930s

o     "Great Society" programs in 1960s

o     National Security State

o     1990: defense civilian employment accounted for 50% of executive civilian including  USPS

o     2003: def. civ. employment account for 35% of exec. civ. employment excluding USPS

 

Civilian Executive Employment*

1933

502,000

 

1950

686,000

 

1966

913,000

1992 

1,274,000

 

2003

1,206,646

 

:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* excludes civilian defense, armed forces, USPS. Source: Statistical Abstracts of the United States

 

2003: 31,000 in Congress