Basic Elements of Cooperative Learning
Student realizes they cannot succeed unless all members of the group succeed ("sink or swim together").
Ways to establish positive interdependence:
Face-to-Face Promotive Interaction
Students help assist, encourage, and support each other's learning.
Assessing performance of each individual and giving the results back to the individual and the group.
Interpersonal and Small Group Skills
When students have needed social skills, groups function effectively.
These skills include:
Groups need time to evaluate how they are achieving their goals and maintaining effective working relationships.
Adapted from Johnson, D., Johnson, R., Smith, K. (1991).
Active Learning: Cooperation in the College Classroom. Edina, MN. Interaction Book Co.