What is revision?

It is to re - vision your paper—to see your paper with new eyes

Writing is a process that goes through many stages and revision is what makes it move from stage to stage. Revision is re-working and re-writing, it is not merely changing a few words, adding a sentence here or there, or taking out material that was unnecessary. To revise a paper is to restructure the paper, eliminate unnecessary details or information, add details, move paragraphs and sentences around, rewrite paragraphs and sentences, double-check the accuracy of the supporting evidence, reword awkward areas, edit, and proofread. We experiment with the organization to see what clearly conveys the content to the reader and to help us focus on the main points.

During the first few rounds of re-writing, we usually expand and explore ideas by adding detail and explanation. Here we re-read the assignment sheet, identify what is supposed to be in the material, and review the evaluation criteria. Then we re-read our papers to check for the required material and make sure that we have paid attention to the evaluation criteria. Although content and organization are the main concerns as we move from draft one to draft two, we check our grammar very quickly and eliminate as many problems as we can.

Then, when we are getting closer to the final draft, we tighten our papers. Here we identify the main points of our papers and eliminate material that is unnecessary for the readers’ understanding of them. Paragraphs and sentences are moved and rewritten, and the grammar is cleaned up. Don’t think that this is unnecessary—on the contrary—moving things around is a good way of focusing on the subject at hand. We may even need to continue expanding and exploring ideas and thoughts as they are rarely expressed well after only two tries.