Antibiotics Used as Animal Feed Additives
Does This Contribute to Increased Bacterial
Resistance to Antibiotics?
H.R. 1549: Preservation of Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act of 2009
Organizations and Committees
WHO: World Health Organization
FDA Home Page
Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production
This commission was formed to conduct a comprehensive, fact-based and balanced examination of key aspects of the farm animal industry. From this site one can download the
Final Report, "Putting Meat on the Table: Industrial Farm Animal Production in America".
At the beginning of this report, there are the following interesting comments:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Home Page
"There have been some serious obstacles to the Commission completing its
review and approving consensus recommendations. The agriculture industry
is not monolithic, and the formation of this Commission was greeted by
industrial agriculture with responses ranging from open hostility to wary
cooperation. In fact, while some industrial agriculture representatives were
recommending potential authors for the technical reports to Commission
staff, other industrial agriculture representatives were discouraging those same
authors from assisting us by threatening to withhold research funding for
their college or university. We found significant influence by the industry at
every turn: in academic research, agriculture policy development, government
regulation, and enforcement.
At the end of his second term, President Dwight Eisenhower
warned the nation about the dangers of the military-industrial complex - an unhealthy
alliance between the defense industry, the Pentagon, and their friends on
Capitol Hill. Now, the agro-industrial complex - an alliance of agriculture
commodity groups, scientists at academic institutions who are paid by the
industry, and their friends on Capitol Hill - is a concern in animal food
production in the 21st century."
National Research Council
- Summary of a book
"The Uses of Drugs in Food Animals: Benefits and Risks."
Union of Concerned Scientists
Center for Science in the Public
Interest (CSPI) Home Page
Animal Health Institute
Food Safety -
The EU Integrated Approach
General Discussions of Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria
Farm Use of Antibiotics
- Lecture by Robert Lawrence
- Reported by Heidi Marttila-Losure, Ames Tribune, Oct. 23, 2007
- Water, antibiotics and Animal Farm - A U.S. ban on sub-therapeutic antibiotic use in livestock production is long overdue.
- Antibiotic Growth Promoters in Food Animals,
Peter Hughes and John Heritage, June 24, 2002
CSPI News Release: FDA Should Ban the Use of Certain Antibiotics to
Fatten Farm Animals, Groups Ask.
- Letter to
Dr Henney of the FDA, signed by health authorities and
organizations, asking that subtherapeutic use of antibiotics in
agriculture be curtailed
- Agricultural use of antibiotics and the evolution and transfer of antibiotic-resistant bacteria
Dr. George G. Khachatourians, Department of Applied Microbiology
and Food Science, College of Agriculture, University of Saskatchewan,
Saskatoon, Sask. has written this paper for the Journal of the Canadian
Medical Association, Nov. 3, 1998. It is a well-documented presentation of
the connection between overuse of antibiotics, in both human medicine
and agriculture, and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. He
states that the recommended levels of antibiotics for feeds were
just 5-10 ppm in the 1950s but have been increased by 10- to
20-fold since then. This shows directly that bacteria have developed
resistance to the antibiotics used in animal feed. (The statement about
the increased level may be true for tetracycline, but it is almost
certainly does not apply to all antibiotics).
- BBC News | Antibiotics | Farmers warned of antibiotic
threat - A report by the BBC on antibiotic resistance, Sept. 1999.
- Danish report on antibiotic
Specific Antibiotics and Bacteria
Methicillin-resistant Staphylcoccus aureus (MRSA)
These pages are maintained by
Ronald Fuchs, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Last updated on April 16, 2011