Advanced GIS Landscape Modeling

LA 567 

Paul F. Anderson and Kevin L. Kane

Schedule:  Offered Fall Semester 2010 at MWF 8-10

Location:  248 Durham          Lab hours

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Course description

LA 567 emphasizes application of GIS modeling techniques to landscape planning and management issues.  You may select modeling applications for your studio projects, outreach projects, or research projects.

Modeling applications include use of descriptive and predictive GIS modeling tools and techniques, including map algebra, Boolean logic, environmental diversity indices, logit modeling, logistic regression, spatial statistics, and geo-statistics.

ArcGIS 9.3 and Spatial Analyst extension are the primary modeling software tools.  We also use ModelBuilder functions. Other extensions used in the course include 3D Analyst, Image Analysis, Network Analyst, and Geostatistical Analyst.  Because ArcGIS cannot fulfill all modeling needs, plan on using other analysis software along with ArcGIS.  Examples of other useful analysis software include ArcView 3.3, Excel, Geoda, Fragstats, downloaded extensions, and statistical packages (JMP, SAS, SPSS).

LA 567 is part of the curriculum for the ISU GIS Certificate.  See also the requirements for the GIS Certificate application course.  LA 567 applies to the requirement for 6 credits of GIS Tools and Techniques. 

The following Adobe Acrobat documents (PDF files) are available:

Course organization

Part 1  (4 weeks)
Course overview and organization. Review of ArcMap, ArcView, Spatial Analyst, and ModelBuilder  modeling tools. Hands-on individual tutorials.  Peer teaching assignment (tools and techniques).
Part 2  (3 weeks)
Descriptive and predictive GIS modeling for landscape planning and management. Class project in teams. Site selection and landscape suitability modeling for a proposed use. ESRI ModelBuilder and Spatial Analyst extension. Spatial analysis of point patterns, networks, structural patterns, surfaces, and grids. Written report and class presentations..
Part 3  (8 weeks)
Application of modeling tools and procedures to a studio project, outreach project, or research project.  Individual project selected by each student. Written report and class presentations.



Project 1 -- Exploring GIS Landscape Modeling Tools (individual)

The following Adobe Acrobat documents (PDF files) are available:


Project 2 -- GIS Landscape Suitability Modeling (team)

The following Adobe Acrobat documents (PDF files) are available:


Project 3 -- GIS Landscape Modeling (individual)

The following Adobe Acrobat documents (PDF files) are available: 






Selected readings
Allen, Kathleen M.S., and others. 1990. Interpreting Space: GIS and Archaeology. Taylor & Francis, London.
Bernhardsen, Tor. 2002. Geographic Information Systems.  Wiley.  New York. 428 p.
Berry, Joseph K. 1993. Beyond Mapping:  Concepts, Algorithms, and Issues in GIS.  GIS World Books, Fort Collins.  246 p.
Berry, Joseph K. 1995. Spatial Reasoning for Effective GIS.  GIS World Books, Fort Collins.  208 p.
Brewer, Cynthia A. 2005. Designing Better Maps: A Guide For GIS Users. ESRI Press, Redlands, California.
Bolstad, Paul. 2005. GIS Fundamentals. Eider Press. White Bear Lake, MN. 412 p.
Burrough, P.A. 1986. Principles of Geographical Information Systems for Land Resources Assessment. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Burrough, Peter A., and Rachael McDonnell. 1998. Principles of Geographical Information Systems. Oxford University Press, New York.

Chang, Kang-tsung. 2002. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems. McGraw-Hill, Boston.

Chou, Yue-Hong. 1997. Exploring Spatial Analysis in Geographic Information Systems. Onword Press. 474 p.
Clarke, Keith C. 2000. Getting Started with Geographic Information Systems. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Clarke, Keith C., Bradley O. Parks, and Michael P. Crane. 2002. Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.  306 p.
DeMers, Michael N.  2002. GIS Modeling in Raster.  Wiley, New York.  203 p.
DeMers, Michael N.  2003. Fundamentals of GIS.  Wiley, New York.  536 p.
Douglas, William J. 1995. Environmental GIS: Applications to Industrial Facilities. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton.
Dramstad, Wenche E., James D. Olson, and Richard T.T. Forman. 1996. Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-Use Planning. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
Fisher, Peter. 1995. Innovations in GIS. Taylor and Francis, London.
Formann, Richard, and Michel Godron. 1986. Landscape Ecology. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Fotheringham, A. Stewart, and Michael Wegener. 2000. Spatial Models and GIS: New Potential and New Models. Taylor & Francis, London.
Haines-Young, Roy, and others. 1993. Landscape Ecology and Geographic Information Systems. Taylor & Francis, London.

Hanna, Karen C. 1999. GIS for Landscape Architects. ESRI Press, Redlands, California.

Hanna, Karen C., and R. Brian Culpepper. 1998. GIS in Site Design. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Huxhold, William E. 1991. An Introduction to Urban Geographic Information Systems. Oxford, New York.
Jensen, John R. and others. 1992. Predictive Modeling of Cattail and Waterlily Distribution in a South Carolina Reservoir. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, Nov. 1992, Vol. LVIII, No. 11. p. 1561-71.
Joao, Elsa. 1998. Causes and Consequences of Map Generalization in GIS. Taylor and Francis, London.
Jongman, RHG, CJF TerBraak, and OFR VanTongeren. 1995.Data Analysis in Community and Landscape Ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Katz, Michael, and Dorothy Thornton. 1996. Environmental management Tools on the Internet. St. Lucie Press, Boca Raton.
Krygier, John, and Denis Wood. 2005. Making Maps: A Visual Guide to Map Design for GIS. Guilford Press, New York.
Laurini, Robert, and Derek Thompson. 1992. Fundamentals of Spatial Information Systems. Academic Pr., London
Longley, Paul, Michael Goodchild, David Maguire, and David Rhind. 2005. Geographic Information Systems and Science. Wiley, New York.  517 p.
Lyon, John G., and Jack McCarthy. 1995. Wetland and Environmental Applications of GIS. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton.
McHarg, Ian. 1971 (1995). Design with Nature. Doubleday/Natural History Press (Wiley), New York.
Marsh, William M. 1991. Landscape Planning: Environmental Applications. Wiley and Sons, New York.
Martinez-Falero, Eugenio, and Santiago Gonzales-Alonso. 1995. Quantitative Techniques in Landscape Planning. CRC Press/Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton.
Moore, David S. 1991. Statistics: Concepts and Controversies. Freeman, New York. 439 p.
Miller, Michael C. 1996. Analysis of Historic Vegetation Patterns in Iowa Using Government Land Office Surveys and a Geographic Information System. MLA thesis, Department of Landscape Architecture, Iowa State University, Ames.

Minnick, Robert F. 1964. A Method for the Measurement of Areal Correspondence. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 49: 333-343. 

Mitchell, Andy. 1999. ESRI Guide to GIS Analysis, Volume 1: Geographic Patterns and Relationships. ESRI Press, Redlands, California.

Mitchell, Andy. 2005. ESRI Guide to GIS Analysis, Volume 2: Spatial Measurements and Statistics. ESRI Press, Redlands, California.

Monmonier, Mark. 1982. Computer-Assisted Cartography: Principles and Prospects. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Monmonier, Mark. 1996. How to Lie with Maps. University of Chicago Press.

Muehrcke, Phillip C., and Juliana O, Muehrcke. 1998. Map Use: Reading, Analysis, Interpretation. JP Publications, Madison, Wisconsin.

Murphy, Michael D. 2005. Landscape Architecture Theory: An Evolving Body of Thought. Waveland Press, Long Grove, Illinois.

Ormsby, Tim, and Eileen Napoleon. 1998.  Getting to Know ArcView GIS.  ESRI Press, Redlands, California.  660 p.

Ormsby, Tim, and Jonell Alvi. 1999.  Extending ArcView GIS.  ESRI Press, Redlands, California.  527 p.

Petch, James and Derek Reeve. 1998. People, Organizations, and GIS. Taylor and Francis, London.

Peng, Zhong-Ren and Ming Hsiang Tsou. 2003. Internet GIS. Wiley. New York. 679 p.

Peuquet, Donna J., and Duane F. Marble. 1990. Introductory Readings in Geographic Information Systems. Taylor and Francis, London.

Ripple, William J. 1987. GIS for Resource Management: a Compendium. American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. Falls Church, Virginia.

Scott, J. Michael. 1996. Gap Analysis: a Landscape Approach to Biodiversity Planning. American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Bethesda, Maryland.

Star, Jeffrey, and John Estes. 1990. Geographic Information Systems: An Introduction. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Steiner, Frederick. 1991. The Living Landscape: an Ecological Approach to Landscape Planning. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Steiner, Frederick, and John E. Theilacker. 1984. Protecting Farmlands. AVI Publishing, Westport, Connecticut.

Steinitz, Carl. 1979. Defensible Processes for Regional Landscape Design. American Society of Landscape Architects, Washington, DC.

Thompson, George F., and Frederick R. Steiner. 1997. Ecological Design and Planning. Wiley, New York.

Tomlin, C. Dana. 1990. Geographic Information Systems and Cartographic Modeling. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Tufte, Edward R. 1983. Visual Display of Quantitative Information. Graphics Press, Cheshire, Conn.

Tufte, Edward R. 1990. Envisioning Information. Graphics Press, Cheshire, Conn.

Tufte, Edward R. 1997. Visual Explanations. Graphics Press, Cheshire, Conn.

Unwin, David. 1981. Introductory Spatial Analysis. Methuen, London.

Way, Douglas. 1973. Terrain Analysis. Dowden, Hutchinson, and Ross, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania.

Williams, Edward A., and Alison K. Massa. 1983. Siting of Major Facilities. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.

Zeiler, Michael. 1999. Modeling Our World:  the ESRI Guide to Geodatabase Design. ESRI Press, Redlands, California.

International Journal of GIS, GeoWorld, and other periodicals describing modeling techniques



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Last revision:  7 December 2010