Principles of Research for Landscape Architects
Paul F. Anderson
Maps in Jensen article
(click on a map to enlarge)
Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 (original is B&W)
Fig. 5 (original is B&W)
Plate 1 and Plate 2 (original is color)
Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 (original is B&W)
COURSE DESCRIPTION AND OBJECTIVES
The formulation of a problem is often far more essential than its
solution, which may be merely a matter of mathematical or experimental skill.
To raise new questions, new possibilities, to regard old problems from a
new angle requires creative imagination and makes a real advance in science.
Albert Einstein, 1938
- Prepare you for other graduate courses
- That give you more specific research skills
That require you to use research skills
- Prepare you for professional practice
- To hire and work with other researchers
To find, read, interpret, and apply research results to your projects
To conduct research for your own design and planning projects
- Develop your grad student survival skills
- Select major professor and committee members
Prepare Program of Study (POS) and project proposal
Prepare for orals, schedule strategies, forms, manuals, and deadlines
- Use research results wisely
- Distinguish research from non-research
Find appropriate literature reporting research results relevant to landscape
Read and discuss research results and their applications to landscape architecture
- Review a variety of research strategies
- Learn characteristics of experiment, survey, archival analysis, history,
and case study strategies
Discuss appropriate applications of each type of research strategy
- Understand norms of good practice, ethical standards, human subjects
protection, and informed consent
- Review a variety of research tools
- Learn characteristics of language, bibliography, measurement, statistics,
data processing, observation, and geography research tools
Discuss appropriate applications of each type of research tool
- Understand how research processes and methods can be applied to landscape
- Describe a research question or topic
Develop a research plan
Write a research proposal
- Attend class faithfully and participate in class discussions, role playing,
and other activities
Prepare for class by completing assignments on time
Attend at least one research presentation on campus and report to the class
- Successfully complete ISU Human Subjects Research Assurance training
Complete reading assignments and written exercises
Complete your major project: research plan and proposal
- Quality of your work
- 50% Written exercises, oral reports, and presentations
10% Class participation
40% Research plan and proposal
- Attendance, attitude, and improvement are qualitative factors that
are considered for your final course grade
Required texts at the bookstore
Groat, Linda, and David Wang. 2002. Architectural Research Methods. Wiley, New
York, 389 p.
- Leedy, Paul D. 2004. Practical Research: Planning and Design. 8th ed.
Macmillan, New York, 318 p.
Selected required readings on reserve or in handouts
- Burrough, Peter A. 1986. Principles of Geographical Information
Systems for Land Resources Assessment. Oxford, London. 193 p.
- Dillman, Don A. 2000. Mail and Internet Surveys: The Tailored Design
Method. Wiley, New York. 464 p.
- Iowa State University. 2004. Graduate College Handbook. ISU Graduate
College. 100 p.
- Iowa State University. 2003. Thesis Manual. ISU Graduate College.
- Isaac, Stephen, and William B. Michael. 1981. Handbook in Research and
Evaluation. Second Edition. Edits Publishers, San Diego. 234 p.
- Jensen, John R., and others. 1992. Predictive Modeling of Cattail and
Waterlily Distribution in a South Carolina Reservoir. Photogrammetric
Engineering and Remote Sensing, November 1992, Vol. LVIII, No. 11. p. 1561-1571.
- Moore, David S. 1991. Statistics: Concepts and Controversies.
Freeman, New York. 439 p.
- Tufte, Edward R. 1983. The Visual Display of Quantitative Information.
Graphics Press, Cheshire, Conn. 197 p.
- Tufte, Edward R. 1990. Envisioning Information. Graphics Press,
Cheshire, Conn. 126 p.
- Yin, Robert K. 2003. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 3rd
ed. Sage, Thousand Oaks, Ca., 181 p.
- Landscape Journal and other periodicals reporting research
- Survival skills (1 week)
- Thesis, advisor, committee, POS: Grad Student
Survival Skills (handout) Sections I, II, III, and IV
Orals and thesis: Grad Student Survival Skills (handout) Sections V,
VI, VII, and VIII
Manuals, forms, schedules, deadlines: Grad Student Survival Skills (handout)
Sections IX, X, XI and XII; Graduate College Handbook and
- Research strategies (2 weeks)
- Overview -- Leedy Introduction, Chapter 1, Isaac and Michael
Chapter 3, Groat and Wang Chapter 1, Chapter 5
Tools -- Leedy Chapter 2, Chapter 10, Dillman Chapter 1
Presenting research results -- Leedy Chapter 12, Isaac and Michael
Chapter 7, Tufte Chapter 1, one other chapter
- Qualitative methods (1 week)
- Qualitative and correlational: Groat and Wang Chapter 7, Chapter 8
Experimental, Simulation, Case study: Groat and Wang Chapter 9, Chapter 10,
- Historic and bibliographic methods (1 week)
- Historic -- Leedy Chapter 8, Groat and Wang Chapter 6
Bibliographic -- Leedy Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Groat and Wang Chapter 3
- Survey methods (2 weeks)
- Survey design -- Dillman Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Leedy Chapter
Survey implementation -- Dillman Chapter 4, Chapter 5
- Numerical and spatial methods (2 weeks)
- Statistics -- Leedy Chapter 11, Moore Chapter 1, one other
Geographic information systems -- Burrough
Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Jensen Predictive Modeling article
- Research plan and proposal (6 weeks)
- Planning -- Leedy Chapter 5, Chapter 7
Writing -- Leedy Chapter 6
GRAD STUDENT SURVIVAL SKILLS
Strategies for Success
Last revision: 26 September 2007