Iowa State Department of Residence Research Office

Fall 2003 Summary Grade Report for Undergraduates in Residence Halls and Frederiksen Court (FC)

Gender

The mean comparison of semester grade point average (GPA) by gender as indicated in Table 1, shows that females achieved significantly higher GPAs than males, F(1, 5715) = 119.28, p <.001. The females mean GPA was 2.96, while the males mean GPA was 2.70.

Gender and Classification

As shown in Table 2, there was a significant difference found between gender and classification, F(3, 5675) = 42.64, p < .001. As expected sophomores (M = 2.88) had higher mean GPAs than freshmen (M = 2.74), juniors (M = 2.99) had higher mean GPAs than sophomores, and seniors (M = 3.25) had the highest mean GPAs. When comparing gender and classification, females in all classification levels achieved significantly higher mean GPAs than males.

Gender and Ethnicity

When comparing ethnicity, gender and GPA, there was a significant difference found, F(5, 5393) = 11.42, p < .001. Using the Scheffe post hoc test, Non-Hispanic Blacks (M = 2.39) on average achieved lower GPAs than Non-Hispanic Whites, Asian/Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics (M = 2.83, 2.78, and 2.71 respectively). There was a significant difference between Non-Hispanic Black males (M = 2.24) and Non-Hispanic Black females (M = 2.56), White males (M = 2.72) and White females (M = 2.98), and Asian/Pacific Islander males (M = 2.68) and Asian/Pacific Islander females (M = 2.92).

Fresh Start

Table 4 shows GPA means of Fresh Start residents (M = 2.84) and non-Fresh Start residents (M = 2.80). The result of significance tests shows that students in Fresh Start had significant higher GPAs compared to students not in Fresh Start, F (1, 5715) = 4.05, p-value = .044, p < .05.

 

Tables

 

 

Table 1

Semester GPA by Gender

Fall 2003 Semester GPA

Gender

Mean

N

Female

2.96

2503

Male

2.70

3214

Total

2.82

5717

 

 

 

Table 2

Semester GPA by Classification

Fall 2003 Semester GPA

Classification Year

Gender

Female

Male

Total

Mean

N

Mean

N

Mean

N

Freshman

2.89

1698

2.60

2004

2.74

3702

Sophomore

3.01

488

2.78

705

2.88

1193

Junior

3.12

192

2.91

302

2.99

494

Senior

3.38

109

3.17

181

3.25

290

Total

2.96

2487

2.70

3192

2.81

5679

Table 3

Semester GPA by Ethnicity

Fall 2003 Semester GPA

Ethnicity

Gender

Female

Male

Total

Mean

N

Mean

N

Mean

N

American Indian or Alaskan Native

2.46

9

2.01

5

2.30

14

Black (not Hispanic)

2.56

92

2.24

112

2.39

204

White (not Hispanic)

2.98

2101

2.72

2697

2.83

4798

Asian or Pacific Islander

2.92

86

2.68

119

2.78

205

Hispanic (Spanish American)

2.69

76

2.73

70

2.71

146

Prefer not to indicate

2.74

11

2.87

21

2.83

32

Total

2.95

2375

2.70

3024

2.81

5399

Table 4

Semester GPA by Fresh Start

Fall 2003 Semester GPA

Fresh Start

Gender

Female

Male

Total

Mean

N

Mean

N

Mean

N

Non fresh start

2.96

1492

2.65

1691

2.80

3183

fresh start

2.96

1011

2.77

1523

2.84

2534

Total

2.96

2503

2.70

3214

2.82

5717