B. Temelkuran, M. Bayindir, E. Ozbay, R. Biswas, G. Tuttle, M.M.
Sigalas, and K-M. Ho, "Photonic crystal based resonant antenna with a
very high directivity"* Journal of Applied Physics* **87**,
603 (2000).

R. Biswas, M.M.Sigalas, G. Subramania , C.M.
Soukoulis, K.M. Ho, "Photonic band gaps of
porous solids", *Physical Review B*.
**61**, 4549 (2000).

G. Subramania, K. Constant, R. Biswas, M.M.
Sigalas, K.-M. Ho, "Synthesis of thin film photonic crystals", to
appear in *Synthetic Metals* (2000).

S. Lin, P. Fleming, M.M. Sigalas, R. Biswas,
and K.-M. Ho, "A complete three-dimensional photonic band gap in a
simple cubic system", *J. of the Optical Society of America
B*.

E. Lidorikis, M. M. Sigalas, E. N. Economou,
C. M. Soukoulis "Gap deformation and classical wave localization in
disordered two-dimensional photonic-band-gap materials", *Physical
Review B* **61**, 13458 (2000)

G. Subramania, K. Constant, R. Biswas, M.M.
Sigalas, K.-M. Ho, "Visible frequency thin film photonic crystals
from colloidal systems of nanocrystalline titania and polystyrene
microspheres", *Proceedings American Ceramic Society*
(2000).

G. Subramania, K.Constant, R. Biswas, M.M.
Sigalas, K.M. Ho, "Optical Photonic Crystals
Synthesized from Colloidal Systems of
Polystyrene Spheres and Nanocrystalline Titania", *IEEE
Journal** **of Lightwave
Technology,*, **17,** no. 11, 1970, (1999).

G.Subramania, K.Constant, R. Biswas, M.M.
Sigalas, K.M. Ho, "Optical photonic crystals
fabricated from colloidal systems", *Applied
Physics Letters*, **74**, 3933,
(1999).

M. M. Sigalas, R. Biswas, K.-M. Ho, W. Leung, G. Tuttle, and D.
Crouch, "Effect of photonic band gap crystals on dipole antennas,
*Electromagnetics,* **19**, no. 3, 291 (1999)

M. M. Sigalas, R. Biswas, K. M. Ho, C. M. Soukoulis, and D. D.
Crouch, "Waveguides in 3-D Metallic Photonic Band Gap Materials"*,
Phys. Rev. B ***60**, 4426 (1999)

M. M. Sigalas, C. M. Soukoulis, C. T. Chan, R. Biswas, and K. M.
Ho "The Effects of Disorder on Photonic Band Gaps", *Phys. Rev. B
***59**, 12767 (1999).

N. Katsarakis, E. Chatzitheodoridis, G. Kiriakidis, M. M. Sigalas,
C. M. Soukoulis, M. Y. Leung, and G. Tuttle, "Laser-machined
Layer-by-Layer Metallic Photonic Band Gap Structures"*, Appl. Phys.
Lett.* **74**, 3263 (1999).

M. M. Sigalas, R. Biswas K. M. Ho, C. M. Soukoulis, D. Turner, B.
Vasiliu, S. C. Kothari, and Shawn Lin, "Waveguide Bends in 3D Layer
by Layer Photonic Band Gap Materials"*,Microwave and Opt. Technol.
Lett.* **23**, 56 (1999).

S. Lin, J. Fleming, M.M. Sigalas, R. Biswas, K.-M. Ho, "Photonic
band gap Microcavity in three dimensions"*, Phys. Rev. B.*
**59**, 15579 (1999). (Rapid Communications).

I. El-Kady, M.M. Sigalas, R.
Biswas, K.-M. Ho, "Waveguides in two-dimensional photonic bandgap
materials"*,* *Journal of Lightwave Technology* **17**,
2042 (1999).

M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, M. M. Sigalas,*"Parallel computing
in the acoustic and elastic wave propagation in periodic media"*
In the "Developments in Computational Mechanics with High Performance
Computing", edited by B.H.V. Topping, pp.155-159 (Civil-Comp Press
Ltd, Edinburgh, 1999).

__Book Chapters__

M.M. Sigalas, R. Biswas, G. Tuttle, C.M. Soukoulis, and K.M. Ho
*" Photonic Crystals"* Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and
Electronic Engineering, Volume **16**, 345 (John Wiley, 1999).

C. M. Soukoulis "*Photonic Band Gap Materials*" *in Diffuse
Waves and Complex Media* ed. J. P. Fouque (Kluwer, Dordecht, 1999)
p. 93.

- S. Y. Lin, J. G. Fleming, D. L. Hetherington, B. K. Smith, R.
Biswas, K. M. Ho, M. M. Sigalas, W. Zubrzycki, S. R. Kurtz, and J.
Bur, "A three-dimensional photonic crystal operating at infrared
wavelengths",
*Nature***394**, 251 (1998). - "M.M. Sigalas, R. Biswas, K.M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis",
Theoretical investigation of off-plane propagation of
electromagnetic waves in two-dimensional photonic crystals,
*Phys. Rev. B***58**, 6791 (1998). - M.M. Sigalas, C.M. Soukoulis, R. Biswas, and K.M. Ho,
"Theoretical investigation of Defects in Photonic band gap
crystals in the presence of dielectric losses",
*Phys. Rev. B*.**57**, 3815 (1998). - W. Leung, G, Tuttle, M.M. Sigalas, R. Biswas, C.M. Soukoulis,
and K.M. Ho, "High-Q defects in metallic photonic band gap
crystals",
*Journal of Applied Physics***84,**4091 (1998). - B. Temelkuran, E. Ozbay, J. P. Kavanaugh, G. Tuttle, and K. M.
Ho, "Resonant cavity enhanced detectors embedded in photonic
crystals",
*Appl. Phys. Lett.***72**, 2376 (1998). - R. Biswas, M. M. Sigalas, G. Subramania, and K. M. Ho,
"Photonic band gaps in colloidal systems",
*Phys. Rev. B***57**, 3701 (1998). - B. Temelkuran, E. Ozbay, K. M. Ho, "Reflection properties of
metallic photonic crystals",
*Appl. Phys. A***66**, 363 (1998). - M.M. Sigalas, R. Biswas, K. M. Ho, C.M. Soukoulis, and D.D.
Crouch, "Waveguides in photonic band gap materials,"
*Proceedings of Applied Computational Electromagnetics,***14,**144 (1998). - A. Kirchner, K. Busch, and C.M. Soukoulis, "Transport
properties of random arrays of dielectric cylinders,"
*Phys. Rev. B***57**, 277 (1998). - M.M. Sigalas, C.T. Chan, and C.M. Soukoulis, "Propagation of
EM waves in 2D disordered systems" in
*Wave Propagation in Complex Media*, ed. by G. Papanicolaou (Springer Verlag, New York, 1998) p. 247. - E. Lidorikis, K. Busch, Qiming Li, C.T. Chan, and C.M.
Soukoulis, "Wave propagation of linear and nonlinear structures,"
*Physica D*,**113**, 346 (1998). - W.Y. Leung, G. Tuttle, M.M. Sigalas, R. Biswas, K.M. Ho, and
C.M. Soukoulis, "Optimizing the Q value in three dimensional
metallic photonic band gap crystals,"
*J. Appl. Phys.*,**84**, 4091 (1998). - E. Lidorikis, M.M. Sigalas, E.N. Economou, and C.M. Soukoulis,
"Tight binding Parameterization for photonic band gap materials,"
*Phys. Rev. Lett.***81**, 1405 (1998). - M. M. Sigalas, R. Biswas, K. M. Ho, C. M. Soukoulis, and D. D.
Crouch, ``Waveguides in photonic band gap materials,''
*14th Annual Review of Progress in Applied Computational Electromagnetics*, 144 (Monterey, CA, 1998). - C.M. Soukoulis, "Photonic band gap materials,"
*Proceedings of the NATO ASI on Diffuse Waves and Complex Media*. -
**Book chapters:**- R. Biswas, M.M. Sigalas, C.M. Soukoulis, and K.M.
Ho,"Photonic band structure", Chapter IV, page 143, Book
chapter in
*Topics in Computational Materials Science,*e.d. C. Y. Fong (World Scientific, Singapore and River Edge N.J., 1998).

- R. Biswas, M.M. Sigalas, C.M. Soukoulis, and K.M.
Ho,"Photonic band structure", Chapter IV, page 143, Book
chapter in

- S. Gupta, G. Tuttle, M. Sigalas, and K. M. Ho "Infrared
filters using metallic photonic band gap structures on flexible
substrates",
*Appl. Phys. Lett.***71**, 2412 (1997). - W. Leung, R. Biswas, S.D. Cheng, M. Sigalas, J.S. McCalmont,
G. Tuttle, and K.M. Ho "Slot antennas on photonic band gap
crystals",
*IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation*,**45**, 1569 (1997). - M. Sigalas, R. Biswas, Q. Li, D. Crouch, W. Leung, R.
Jacobs-Woodbury, B. Lough, S. Nielsen, J. S. McCalmont, G. Tuttle,
and K. M. Ho, "Dipole antennas on Photonic band gap crystals-
experiment and simulation",
*Microwave and Optical Technology Letters*,**15**, 153 (1997). - M. Sigalas, R. Biswas, K. M. Ho, W. Leung, G. Tuttle, and D.
Crouch "Applications of Photonic Band Gap Materials",
*Proceedings 13th Annual Review of Progress in Applied Computational Electromagnetics*p. 412 (1997). - M.M. Sigalas, C.M. Soukoulis, R. Biswas, and K.M. Ho, "Effect
of magnetic permeability on photonic band gaps",
*Phys. Rev. B***56**, 959 (1997). - E. Lidorikis, Qiming Li, and C.M. Soukoulis, "Optical
bistability in colloidal crystals,"
*Phys. Rev. E***55**, 3613 (1997). - E. Lidorikis, K. Busch, Qiming Li, C.T. Chan, and C.M.
Soukoulis, "Optical nonlinear response of a single dielectric
layer sandwiched between two linear dielectric structures,"
*Phys. Rev. B***56,**15090 (1997). - G. Feirtag, W. Ehrfeld, H. Freimuth, H. Kolle, H. Lehr, M.
Schmidt, M.M. Sigalas, C.M. Soukoulis, G. Kiriakidis, and T.
Pedersen, "Fabrication of photonic crystals by deep X-ray
lithography,"
*Appl. Phys. Lett.***71**, 1441 (1997).

- M. M. Sigalas, J. S. McCalmont, K.-M.
Ho, and G. Tuttle, "Theoretical
and experimental study of silicon-based angular
filters,"
*Appl. Phys. Lett.***68**3525 (1996). - Qiming Li, C. T. Chan, K. M. Ho, C. M.
Soukoulis, "Wave
propagation in nonlinear photonic band-gap
materials,"
*Phys. Rev. B***53**, 15577 (1996). - M.M. Sigalas, C.M. Soukoulis, C.T. Chan,
and D. Turner, "Localization of diminsional disordered systems,"
*Phys. Rev. B***53**, 8340 (1996). - K. Busch and C.M. Soukoulis, "Transport
properties of random media: An energy-density CPA approach,"
*Phys. Rev. B***54**, 893 (1996). - R. Biswas, C.T Chan, K.M. Ho, and C.M.
Soukoulis, "Photonic band gap materials," in
*Photonic Band Gap Materials*, ed. by C.M. Soukoulis (Kluwer Publ.), (1996) p. 23. - G. Feiertag, W. Ehrfeld, H. Freimuth, G.
Kiriakidis, H. Lehr, T. Schmidt, C.M. Soukoulis, and R. Weiel,
"Fabrication of three-diminsional photonic band gap material by
deep X-ray lithiography," in
*Photonic Band Gap Materials*, ed. by C.M. Soukoulis (Kluwer Publ), (1996) p. 63. - M.M. Sigalas, C.M. Soukoulis, C.T. Chan,
and K.M. Ho, "Photonic bad gap transmission coefficient," in
*Photonic Band Gap Materials*, ed. by C.M. Soukoulis (Kluwer Publ.), (1996) p. 173. - K. Busch, C.T. Chan, and C.M. Soukoulis,
"Techniques for band structures and defect states in photonic
crystals," in
*Photonic Band Gap Materials*, ed. by C.M. Soukoulis (Kluwer publ.), (1996) p. 465. - K. Busch and C.M. Soukoulis, "Energy
transport velocity in random media," in
*Photonic Band Gap Materials*, ed. by C.M. Soukoulis (Kluwer publ.), (1996) p. 667. - J.S. McCalmont, M.M. Sigalas, G. Tuttle,
K.M. Ho, and C.M. Soukoulis, "A layer-by-layer metallic photonic
band-gap structure,"
*Appl. Phys. Lett.***68**, 2759 (1996). - M.M. Sigalas, R. Biswas, C.T. Chan, K.M.
Ho, and C.M. Soukoulis, "Theoretical materials," in
*12th Annual Review Progress in Applied Computational Electromagnetics*, (1996) p. 436. - E. Lidorikis, Qiming Li, and C.M.
Soukoulis, "Wave propagation in nonlinear multilayer structures,"
*Phys. Rev. B***54**, 10249 (1996). - E. Ozbay, B. Temelkuran, M. Sigalas, G.
Tuttle, C.M. Soukoulis, and K.M. Ho, "Defect structures in
metallic photonic crystals,"
*Appl. Phys. Lett.***69**, 3797 (1996). - C.M. Soukoulis, "Photonic band gap
materials: The "semiconductors" of future?"
*Physica Scripta***T66**, 146 (1996).

- E. Ozbay, G. Tuttle, J.S. McCalmont, M.
Sigalas, R. Biswas, C.M. Soukoulis and K.M. Ho, "Laser-micromachined
millimeter-wave photonic band gap cavity
structures,"
*Appl. Phys. Lett.***67**, 1969 (1995). - S.D. Cheng, R.Biswas, E. Ozbay, S.
McCalmont, G.Tuttle and K.M. Ho "Optimized
dipole antennas on photonic band gap
crystals,"
*Appl. Phys. Lett.***67**, 3339 (1995). - M. M. Sigalas, C. T. Chan, K. M. Ho, and
C. M. Soukoulis, " Metallic
photonic band-gap materials,"
*Phys. Rev. B***52**, 11744 (1995). - E. Ozbay, G. Tuttle, M. Sigalas, C. M.
Soukoulis, and K. M. Ho, "Defect
structures in a layer-by-layer photonic band-gap
crystal,"
*Phys. Rev. B***51**, 13961 (1995). - M.M. Sigalas and C.M. Soukoulis,"
Elastic wave propagation through disordered and/or absorbative
layered systems,"
*Phys. Rev. B***51,**2780 (1995). - K. Busch and C.M. Soukoulis, "Transport properties of random
media: A new effective medium theory,"
*Phys. Rev. Lett.***75**, 3442 (1995). - K. Busch, E.N. Economou, and C.M. Soukoulis, "Transport
velocity in two-diminsional random media,"
*Phys. Rev. B***52**, 10834 (1995).

- K.M. Ho , C.T. Chan , C.M. Soukoulis,
R.Biswas, and M. Sigalas "Photonic band gaps in three dimension:
New layer- by- layer periodic structures, "
*Solid State. Comm*.**89**, 413 (1994).

E. Ozbay, A.Abeyta, G. Tuttle, M. Tringides, R. Biswas, M. Sigalas, C.M. Soukoulis, C.T. Chan, and K.M. Ho, "Measurement of three dimensional photonic band gap in new crystal structure made of dielectric rods,"*Phys. Rev. B***50**, 1945 (1994).

E. Ozbay, G. Tuttle, R. Biswas , M. Sigalas and K.M. Ho, "Micromachined millimeter - wave photonic band gap crystals, "*Appl. Phys. Lett.***64**, 2059 (1994).

E. Ozbay, E.Michel, G. Tuttle, R. Biswas, M. Sigalas, K.M. Ho, J.Bostak, and D.M. Bloom,"Terahertz spectroscopy of three-dimensional photonic bandgap crystal,"*Optic Letters,***19**, 1155 (1994).

E. Ozbay, G. Tuttle, R. Biswas, M. Sigalas, K.M. Ho, J.Bostak, and D.M. Bloom, "Double-etch geometry for millimeter- wave photonic band gap cystals,"*Appl. Phys. Lett*.**65**, 1617 (1994).

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, N. Kroll, M. Sigalas, K. M. Ho, C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental and theoretical results for a two-dimensional metal photonic band-gap cavity,"*Appl. Phys. Lett*.**65**645 (1994).- C. M. Soukoulis, S. Datta, and E.N.
Econoumou, "Propagation of classical waves in random media,"
*Phys. Rev. B.***49,**3800 (1994). - C.M. Soukoulis, "Photonic band gap
materials," in
*Nanophase Materials: Synthesis-Properties-Applications*, ed. by G.C. Hadjipanayis (Kluwer Publ., Dordrecht, 1994). - K.M. Ho, C.T. Chan, C.M. Soukoulis, R.
Biswas and M. Sigalas, "Photonic band gaps in three diminsions:
New layer-by-layer periodic structures,"
*Solid State Comm*.**89**, 413 (1994). - E. Ozbay, A. Abeyta, G. Tuttle, M.
Tringides, R. Biswas, C.T. Chan, C.M. Soukoulis, and K.M. Ho,
"Measurement of three-diminsional band gap in new crystal
structure made of dielectric rods,"
*Phys. Rev. B***50**, 1945 (1994). - C.T. Chan, S. Datta, Q.L. Yu, M.
Sigalas, K.M. Ho, and C.M. Soukoulis, "New structures and
algorithms for photonic band gaps,"
*Physica***A221**, 411 (1994). - K. Busch, C.M. Soukoulis, and E.N.
Economou, "Transport and scattering mean free paths of classical
waves,"
*Phys. Rev. B***50**, 93 (1994). - M.M. Sigalas, C.T. Chan, K.M. Ho, and C.M. Soukoulis,
"Transmission and dispersive materials, " in
*Modeling and Simulation of Laser Systems III*, ed. by A.D. Schnurr, Proc. SPIE 2117, 23 (1994). - M.M. Sigalas, C.M. Soukoulis, C.T Chan, and K.M. Ho,
"Electromagnetic-wave dispersive and absorbative photonic-band-gap
materials,"
*Phys. Rev. B***49**, 11080 (1994). - C.T. Chan, S. Datta, K.M. Ho, and C.M. Soukoulis, "The A-7
structure: A family of photonic crystals,"
*Phys. Rev. B***50**, 1988 (1994). - D.R. Smith, S. Schultz, N. Kroll, M. Sigalas, K.M. Ho, and C.M
Soukoulis, "Experimental and theoretical results for a 2D metal
photonic band gap cavity,"
*Appl. Phys. Lett.***65**, 645 (1994).

- M. Sigalas, C. M. Soukoulis, E. N.
Economou, C. T. Chan, K. M. Ho, "Photonic
band gaps and defects in two dimensions: Studies of the
transmission coefficient,"
*Phys. Rev. B***19**, 14121 (1993). - S. Datta, C. T. Chan, K. M. Ho, C. M.
Soukoulis, "Effective
dielectric constant of periodic composite
structures,"
*Phys. Rev. B***48**, 14936 (1993).

- J. Kroha, C.M. Soukoulis, and P. Wolfle,
"Localization of classical waves in a random medium: A
self-sonsistent theory,"
*Phys. Rev. B***47**, 11093 (1993).S. Datta, C.T. Chan, K.M. Ho, C.M. Soukoulis, and E.N. Economou, "Photonic band gaps in periodic dielectric structures: Relation to the single scatterer mie resonances," in

*Photonic Band Gaps and Localization*, ed. by C.M. Soukoulis (Plenum Publ. 1993) p. 289.C.T. Chan, S. Datta, K.M. Ho, and C.M. Soukoulis, "Periodic dielectric sturctures: The long wavelenghth effective dielectric constant," in

*Photonic Band Gaps and Localization*, ed. by C.M. Soukoulis (Plenum Publ. 1993) p. 299.J. Kroha, C.M. Soukoulis, and P. Wolfle, "Diffusion of classical waves in random media,"

in*Photonic Band Gaps and Localization*, ed. by C.M. Soukoulis (Plenum Publ. 1993) p.63.K.M. Ho, C.T. Chan, and C.M. Soukoulis, "Photonic gaps for EM waves in periodic dielectric structures: Discovery of the diamond structure," in

*Photonic Band Gaps and Localization*, ed. by C.M. Soukoulis (Plenum Publ. 1993) p. 235.S. Datta, C.T. Chan, K.M. Ho, and C.M. Soukoulis, "The effective dielectric constant of periodic composite structures,"

*Phys. Rev. B***48**, 14936 (1993).M. Sigalas, C.M. Soukoulis, E.N. Economou, C.T. Chan, and K.M. Ho, "Photonic band gaps and defects in two diminsions: Studies of the transmission coefficient,"

*Phys. Rev. B***48**, 14121 (1993).

- S. Datta, C.T. Chan, K.M. Ho, C.M.
Soukoulis, "Photonic
band gaps in periodic dielectric structures: The scalar wave
approximation,"
*Phys. Rev. B***46,**10650 (1992). - C.T. Chan, K.M. Ho. and C.M. Soukoulis,
"Photonic gaps in periodic dielectric structures,"
*Modern Phys. Lett. B***6**, 139 (1992.).

- K.M. Ho, C.T. Chan and C.M. Soukoulis,
"Photonic band gaps in experimentally realizable periodic
dielectric structures,"
*Euorophysics Lett.***16**, 563 (1991). - K.M. Ho, C.T. Chan, and C.M. Soukoulis,
"Comment on theory of photonic bands in three-diminsional
structures,"
*Phys. Rev. Lett.***66**, 393 (1991).

- K. M. Ho, C. T. Chan, and C. M.
Soukoulis, "Existence
of a photonic gap in periodic dielectric
structures,"
*Phys. Rev. Lett*.**65,**3152 (1990).