Iowa State University

Iowa State University

2007-2009 Courses and Programs

Iowa State University Catalog

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Microbiology (Micro)

200 |300 |400 |Graduate Courses |

www.micro.iastate.edu

(Interdepartmental Undergraduate Major)

Supervisory Committee: J. Cunnick, Professor-in-Charge, J. Beetham, N. Boury, J. Dickson, E. Braun, M. Gleason, G. Phillips

(Interdepartmental Graduate Major)

Supervisory Committee: F. C. Minion, Chair, A. Bogdanove, Vice Chair, B. Bonning, N. Cornick, A. Mendonca

Participating faculty: M. Allison, L. Bartholomay, G. Beattie, S. Beattie, J. Beetham, D. Beitz, B. Blitvich, T. Bobik, A. Bogdanove, B. Bonning, T. Boylston, B. Brehm-Stecher, C. Bronson, N. Cornick, J. Cunnick, J. Dickson, T. Ellis, J. Fang, M. Gleason, R. Griffith, L. Halverson, T. Harrington, D. H. Harris, J. Hill, T. Loynachan, A. Mendonca, C. Miller, W. A. Miller, F. C. Minion, T. Moorman, F. Nutter, E. Nystrom, S. Ong, T. Parkin, G. Phillips, A. Pometto, D. Reynolds, R. Rosenbusch, A. Scupham, J. Sebranek, V. Sharma, C. Stahl, T. Stanton, E. Thacker, D. Voytas, M. Wannemuehler, I. Wesley, S. Whitham, Q. Zhang, J. Zimmerman, R. Zuerner

Undergraduate Study

Undergraduate study for the bachelor of science degree with a major in microbiology. For the curriculum in microbiology, see Agriculture, Curricula. In this curriculum, principal emphasis is placed on understanding microorganisms and their interrelationships with other organisms in nature, the application of microbiology in medicine, agriculture and industry, and the study of fundamental life processes as exemplified by microorganisms. Some fields of microbiology, especially advanced research, may require further training. Undergraduate work in the program is designed to provide sound preparation for graduate study, training for bachelors-level employment, and admission to professional programs such as medicine, veterinary medicine and dentistry.

Graduates of the Interdepartmental Undergraduate Microbiology Program will learn about the diversity and complexity of microbial life represented by procaryotes, eucaryotes and viruses. In addition to being able to explain fundamental principles of microbial growth, physiology, genetics, biochemistry, and ecology, students will be able to evaluate the impact that the microbial world has on human, animal and plant health, as well as on environmental quality, industry and biotechnology. Graduates are able to design and implement experimental approaches to address specific questions. In addition, graduates are able to communicate scientifically, using a variety of media.

Students graduating in microbiology find career opportunities in a wide variety of areas including: hospital and clinical laboratories; federal, state, and local government agencies; research and development; dairy and food processing industries; and the pharmaceutical and fermentation industries.

The undergraduate program for the major in microbiology requires the following basic courses: 110, 302, 310, 320, 430 or 477, 450, 451, and labs including 302L, 310L, and 440. In addition, students must take 9 credits of elective microbiology courses from an approved list. Aspects of these courses emphasize communication skills, environmental issues, problem solving, and laboratory techniques. Courses in the following areas are required as supporting work: biology, chemistry, biochemistry, genetics, mathematics and physics. For additional details on the undergraduate curriculum in Microbiology see College of Agriculture, Curricula. Students are encouraged to participate in independent studies, internship opportunities, and international experiences.

Preveterinary preparation may be accomplished through the curriculum major in this program (see College of Veterinary Medicine, Admission Requirements).

The program offers a minor in microbiology which may be earned by accumulating a minimum of 15 credits of microbiology courses.

Graduate Study

The program offers work for the degrees master of science and doctor of philosophy in microbiology and for a minor for students majoring in other programs. The interdepartmental microbiology major is offered through faculty housed in twelve departments, including Agronomy; Animal Science; Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology; Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering; Entomology; Food Science and Human Nutrition; Genetics, Developmental and Cell Biology; Geological and Atmospheric Sciences; Plant Pathology; Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine; Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine; and Veterinary Pathology. Faculty coordinate graduate education and research in a wide range of topics fundamental to the discipline of microbiology. Specific information about individual faculty and their research areas is available at www.micro.iastate.edu.

Prerequisites to graduate study include a sound undergraduate background in chemistry, mathematics and biology, including microbiology and genetics.

All M.S. and Ph.D. students complete coursework that is comprised of one year of modular courses in microbiology (Micro 551, 552, 553, 554, 555, 556). Students also take at least 3 credits (M.S.) or 9 credits (Ph.D.) of coursework from an approved list of microbiology courses, one year of biochemistry (BBMB 404 and 405, or the equivalent), one course (0.5) credits in ethics (Micro 565A), and 3 credits (M.S.) or 5 credits (Ph.D.) of seminar (Micro 604).

Graduates in the Microbiology Graduate program have a broad-based knowledge in the fundamentals of microbiology as well as advanced knowledge in specific areas as determined by their areas of research focus. Students completing the thesis have the technical, research, critical-thinking, problem-solving, and computer skills to design, implement, and conduct research using a variety of current techniques and equipment. They are also able to communicate research results effectively with scientific peer groups in both oral and written formats.

Courses open for nonmajor graduate credit: 310, 374, 381, 419, 420, 421, 456, and 485.

Courses primarily for undergraduate students

Micro 110. Orientation in Microbiology. (1-0) Cr. 0.5. F. Orientation to the discipline of microbiology, the curriculum in microbiology, and educational research opportunities within the department. Satisfactory-fail only.

Micro 201. Introduction to Microbiology. (2-0) Cr. 2. F.S. Prereq: One semester of college-level biology. Selected topics in microbiology with emphasis on the relationship of microorganisms to human and animal health, agricultural technology, and the environment. With written petition to the chair of the supervisory committee, students who obtain a grade of B or better may substitute 201 for 302 in advanced courses.

Micro 201L. Introductory Microbiology Laboratory. (0-2) Cr. 1. F.S. Prereq: Credit or enrollment in 201 or 302. Basic microbiology laboratory techniques for non-microbiology majors. Credit for either Micro 201L or 302L, but not both, may be applied toward graduation.

Micro 208. Ethical Issues in Agriculture. (2-0) Cr. 1. F.S.SS. Discussion of ethical theory and its application to issues facing agriculture. Case studies deal with topics, such as biotechnology business practices, animal welfare, environmental impacts, public policy, sources of food, sustainable agriculture, and world hunger.

Micro 302. Biology of Microorganisms. (3-0) Cr. 3. F.S. Prereq: Biol 211, credit or enrollment in Biol 212; 1 semester of chemistry. Basic cell biology, physiology, metabolism, genetics and ecology of microorganisms, with an emphasis on procaryotes and viruses, as well as the roles of microorganisms in the environment, disease, agriculture, and industry.

Micro 302L. Microbiology Laboratory. (0-3) Cr. 1. F.S. Prereq: Credit or enrollment in 302. Basic microbiology laboratory techniques for majors in microbiology, biological sciences and related fields. Credit for either Micro 201L or 302L, but not both, may be applied toward graduation.

Micro 310. Medical Microbiology. (3-0) Cr. 3. F. Prereq: 302 (or 201 if a B or better was obtained). Study of infection and immunity by bacterial and viral pathogenic agents of humans. Nonmajor graduate credit.

Micro 310L. Medical Microbiology Laboratory. (0-3) Cr. 1. F. Prereq: 201 or 302; 201L or 302L, credit or enrollment in 310. Isolation and identification of human bacterial pathogens. Use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR), quantitative real time PCR, and electron microscopy for bacterial and viral disease diagnosis.

Micro 320. Microbial Physiology and Genetics. (4-0) Cr. 4. S. Prereq: 302, Biol 313, credit or enrollment in Chem 332. Introductory course in microbial physiology and genetics with special emphasis on prokaryotes. Topics include the structure, function, and assembly of cell components, bioenergetics, metabolic diversity, environmental stress tolerance, regulation of gene expression, genetic adaptation, and growth and cellular differentiation.

Micro 353. Introductory Parasitology. (Cross-listed with Biol). (3-3) Cr. 4. F. Prereq: Biol 212. Biology and host-parasite relationships of major groups of animal parasites, and techniques of diagnosing and studying parasites.

Micro 374. Insects and Our Health. (Cross-listed with Ent). (3-0) Cr. 3. S. Prereq: 3 credits in biological sciences. Bartholomay. Identification, biology, and significance of insects and arthropods that affect the health of humans and animals, particularly those that are vectors of disease. Nonmajor graduate credit.

Micro 381. Environmental Systems. (Cross-listed with EnSci, Biol, Env S). (2-4) Cr. 4. F. Prereq: Soc 130, 134 or 3 credits of Env S. Dynamics of natural environmental systems. Systems approach to the analysis of material and energy flows and to understanding major physical, chemical, and biological processes in environmental systems. Laboratory emphasizes mass balance analysis and environmental simulation modeling. Nonmajor graduate credit.

Micro 402. Microbial Genetics. (Dual-listed with 502). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. F., offered 2008. Prereq: 302, Biol 313. The fundamental concepts of bacterial and bacteriophage genetics including mutagenesis, mechanisms of both vertical and horizontal genetic information transfer, gene regulation, and genetic approaches to study complex cellular processes. Review and discussion of research literature to examine experimental design, methodology, and interpretation of both historical and contemporary relevance to microbial genetics.

Micro 407. Microbiological Safety of Foods of Animal Origins. (Dual-listed with 507). (Cross-listed with FS HN). (3-0) Cr. 3. S. Prereq: 420. Examination of the various factors in the production of foods of animal origin, from animal production through processing, distribution and final consumption which contribute to the overall microbiological safety of the food. The two modules of this course will be 1) the procedures and processes which can affect the overall microbiological safety of the food, and 2) the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) system.

Micro 408. Virology. (Dual-listed with 508). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. F., offered 2007. Prereq: Biol 313 or BBMB 301, Biol 314 recommended. The molecular biology and epidemiology of human, animal, plant and insect viruses.

Micro 419. Foodborne Hazards. (Cross-listed with FS HN, Tox). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered 2008. Prereq: Micro 201 or 302, a course in biochemistry. Pathogenesis of human microbiological foodborne infections and intoxications, principles of toxicology, major classes of toxicants in the food supply, governmental regulation of foodborne hazards. Nonmajor graduate credit.

Micro 420. Food Microbiology. (Cross-listed with FS HN, Tox). (3-0) Cr. 3. F. Prereq: Micro 302. Effects of microbial growth in foods. Methods to control, detect, and enumerate microorganisms in food and water. Foodborne infections and intoxications. Nonmajor graduate credit.

Micro 421. Food Microbiology Laboratory. (Cross-listed with FS HN). (0-6) Cr. 3. F. Prereq: Micro 201 or 302; 201L. Credit or enrollment in 420 (Micro 420), FS HN 203. Standard techniques used for the microbiological examination of foods. Independent and group projects on student-generated questions in food microbiology. Emphasis on oral and written communication and group interaction. Nonmajor graduate credit.

Micro 430. Procaryotic Diversity and Ecology. (Dual-listed with 530). (Cross-listed with BBMB). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered 2009. Prereq: 302, 302L. Survey of the diverse groups of procaryotes emphasizing important and distinguishing metabolic, phylogenetic, morphological, and ecological features of members of those groups.

Micro 440. Laboratory in Microbial Physiology, Diversity, and Genetics. (Cross-listed with BBMB). (1-7) Cr. 3. F. Prereq: 302, 302L, Chem 332, Biol 313L. Study of the fundamental techniques and theory of studying the diversity of microbial life. Experimental techniques will include isolation and physiological characterization of bacteria that inhabit different environments. Also included are techniques for the phylogenetic characterization, and genetic manipulation of diverse species of bacteria.

Micro 450. Undergraduate Seminar. Cr. 1. S. Prereq: Sp Cm 212 and senior standing in Microbiology. Required of all undergraduate majors in microbiology. Discussion of current papers in microbiology and immunology, issues in scientific conduct, and bioethics in microbiology. Students present current papers in a journal club format.

Micro 451. Senior Survey in Microbiology. Cr. R. F. Prereq: Junior or Senior standing in Microbiology. Preparations for graduation. Topics include job search strategies, career information, mock interviews, graduate and professional school application processes and guidelines as well as outcomes assessment activities.

Micro 456. Principles of Mycology. (Cross-listed with Biol). (2-3) Cr. 3. F. Prereq: 10 credits in biological sciences. Morphology, diversity, and ecology of fungi; their relation to agriculture, industry, and human health. Nonmajor graduate credit.

Micro 475. Immunology. (Dual-listed with 575). (3-0) Cr. 3. S. Prereq: 310. An examination of humoral and cellular immune function as well as the interaction of the cells and factors of the immune system that result in health and disease. Micro 475L optional. Credit for either Micro 475 or V MPM 520, but not both, may be applied to graduation.

Micro 475L. Immunology Laboratory. (1-4) Cr. 1. S. Prereq: Credit or enrollment in 475 or 575. Techniques in primary culture and tumor cell growth, measures of lymphocyte function, and flow cytometry.

Micro 477. Bacterial-Plant Interactions. (Dual-listed with 577). (Cross-listed with Pl P). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered 2008. Prereq: 3 credits in microbiology or plant pathology. Focuses on plant-associated bacteria in terms of their ecology, diversity, and the physiological and molecular mechanisms involved in their interactions with plants; covers symbiotic nitrogen fixation, plant pathogenesis, plant growth promotion, and biological control.

Micro 485. Soil Microbial Ecology. (Dual-listed with 585). (Cross-listed with Agron, EnSci). (2-3) Cr. 3. F. Prereq: Agron 154 or EnSci 402, Micro 201 (Micro 302 recommended). Loynachan. The living organisms in the soil and what they do. Emphasis on soil biota composition, the carbon cycle and bioremediation, soil-plant-microbial relationships, and environmental issues. Nonmajor graduate credit.

Micro 487. Aquatic and Wetland Microbial Ecology. (Dual-listed with 587). (Cross-listed with Biol, EnSci). (3-0) Cr. 3. Prereq: Six credits in biology and 6 credits in chemistry. Introduction to major functional groups and their roles in aquatic and wetland ecosystems. Emphasis on energy flow and nutrient dynamics. Nonmajor graduate credit.

Micro 490. Independent Study. Cr. 1-5. Repeatable. F.S.SS. Prereq: A minimum of 6 credit hours of 300-level or above coursework in microbiology, permission of instructor. A maximum of 6 credits of Micro 490 may be used toward the total of 128 credits required for graduation.
H. Honors

Micro 495. Internship. Cr. 1-2. F.S. Prereq: At least 6 credits of 300-level or above coursework in microbiology, approval of academic adviser. Participation in the Cooperative Extension Intern Program or an equivalent work experience. Written report of activities required. Satisfactory-fail only.

Courses primarily for graduate students, open to qualified undergraduate students

Micro 502. Microbial Genetics. (Dual-listed with 402). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. F., offered 2007. Prereq: 302, Biol 313. The fundamental concepts of bacterial and bacteriophage genetics including mutagenesis, mechanisms of both vertical and horizontal genetic information transfer, gene regulation, and genetic approaches to study complex cellular processes. Review and discussion of research literature to examine experimental design, methodology, and interpretation of both historical and contemporary relevance to microbial genetics.

Micro 507. Microbiological Safety of Foods of Animal Origins. (Dual-listed with 407). (Cross-listed with FS HN). (3-0) Cr. 3. S. Prereq: 420. Examination of the various factors in the production of foods of animal origin, from animal production through processing, distribution and final consumption which contribute to the overall microbiological safety of the food. The two modules of this course will be 1) the procedures and processes which can affect the overall microbiological safety of the food, and 2) the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) system.

Micro 508. Virology. (Dual-listed with 408). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. F., offered 2008. Prereq: Biol 313 or BBMB 301, Biol 314 recommended. The molecular biology and epidemiology of human, animal, plant, and insect viruses.

Micro 509. Plant Virology. (Cross-listed with Pl P). (2-6) Cr. 4. Alt. S., offered 2009. Prereq: Pl P 408, Biol 454, BBMB 405, Chem 211. Hill. Plant viruses and the diseases they cause. Emphasis on epidemiology and control. Structure, function, and biochemical-biophysical properties of plant viruses.

Micro 530. Procaryotic Diversity and Ecology. (Dual-listed with 430). (Cross-listed with BBMB). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered 2009. Prereq: 302. Survey of the diverse groups of procaryotes emphasizing important and distinguishing metabolic, phylogenetic, morphological, and ecological features of members of those groups.

Micro 540. Livestock Immunogenetics. (Cross-listed with An S, V MPM). (2-0) Cr. 2. Alt. S., offered 2008. Prereq: An S 561 or Micro 575 or V MPM 520. Basic concepts and contemporary topics in genetic regulation of livestock immune response and disease resistance.

Micro 551. Microbial Diversity and Phylogeny. (1-0) Cr. 1. F. Prereq: 302, Biol 313. Comparisons among the three kingdoms of life (Bacterica, Archaea, and Eukarya). Topics will include metabolism, adaptation, methods of phylogenetic analysis, and comparative genomics.

Micro 552. Bacterial Molecular Genetics and Physiology. (1-0) Cr. 1. F. Prereq: 302, Biol 313. Review of the molecular genetics and physiology of model organisms.

Micro 553. Pathogenic Microorganisms. (1-0) Cr. 1. F. Prereq: 302, Biol 313. Review and contrast/comparison of common bacterial pathogens of plants and animals and their mechanisms of virulence, including toxins, protein secretion, host invasion and iron acquisition strategies. An overview of eukaryotic cell biology that is relevant to pathogenesis will also be included.

Micro 554. Virology. (1-0) Cr. 1. S. Prereq: 302, Biol 313. Review and contrast/comparison of insect, animal and plant viruses and bacteriophage. Growth dynamics, replication of model viruses, and the role of specific viruses in disease will also be included.

Micro 555. Fungal Biology. (1-0) Cr. 1. F. Prereq: 302, Biol 313. Review of the biology, reproduction, genetics, physiology, and diversity of yeast and other fungi.

Micro 556. Microbial Ecology and Environmental Monitoring. (1-0) Cr. 1. S. Prereq: 302, Biol 313. Examination of microorganisms in their natural habitats, including aquatic, terrestrial and extreme environments, community and biofilm development, microbe-microbe interactions, and current and traditional methods of microbial analysis in natural environments.

Micro 565. Professional Practice in the Life Sciences. (Cross-listed with Pl P, Agron, An S, BCB, Hort, V MPM). Cr. 0.5. S. Prereq: Graduate classification. Professional discourse on the ethical and legal issues facing life science researchers. Offered in modular format; each module is four weeks.
A. Professional Practices in Research. Good scientific practices and professional ethics in the life sciences.
B. Intellectual Property and Industry Interactions. Ethical and legal issues facing life scientists involved in research interactions with industry.
C. Life Science Ethics. Basic principles of moral theory, and ethical issues about the environment, biotechnology, and the appropriate role of scientific experts in public moral debate.
D. Ethics in Plant Breeding and Plant Genetic Resource Conservation. Ethical issues facing scientists involved in crop improvement, plant conservation, and plant biotechnology.

Micro 575. Immunology. (Dual-listed with 475). (Cross-listed with V MPM). (3-0) Cr. 3. S. Prereq: 310. An examination of humoral and cellular immune function as well as the interaction of the cells and factors of the immune system that result in health and disease. Micro 475L optional. Credit for either Micro 575 or V MPM 520, but not both, may be applied toward graduation.

Micro 577. Bacterial-Plant Interactions. (Dual-listed with 477). (Cross-listed with Pl P). (3-1) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered 2008. Prereq: 3 credits in microbiology or plant pathology. Focuses on plant-associated bacteria in terms of their ecology, diversity, and the physiological and molecular mechanisms involved in their interactions with plants; covers symbiotic nitrogen fixation, plant pathogenesis, plant growth and biological control.

Micro 585. Soil Microbial Ecology. (Dual-listed with 485). (Cross-listed with Agron, EnSci). (2-3) Cr. 3. F. Prereq: Agron 154 or 402, Micro 201 (Micro 302 recommended). Loynachan. The living organisms in the soil and what they do. Emphasis on soil biota composition, the carbon cycle and bioremediation, soil-plant-microbial relationships, and environmental issues.

Micro 586. Medical Bacteriology. (Cross-listed with V MPM). (4-0) Cr. 4. F. Prereq: 310. Bacteria associated with diseases of vertebrates, including virulence factors and interaction of host responses.

Micro 587. Aquatic and Wetland Microbial Ecology. (Dual-listed with 487). (Cross-listed with EEOB, EnSci). (3-0) Cr. 3. Prereq: Six credits in biology and 6 credits in chemistry. Introduction to major functional groups of autotrophic and heterotrophic microorganisms and their roles in aquatic and wetland ecosystems. Emphasis on energy flow and nutrient dynamics.

Micro 590. Special Topics. Cr. 1-5. Repeatable. F.S.SS. Prereq: Permission of instructor.

Courses for graduate students

Micro 604. Seminar. (1-0) Cr. 1. Repeatable. F.S. Course will expose students to the breadth of subdisciplines within microbiology, offer opportunities for direct interaction between the students and the faculty members within the Interdepartmental Microbiology Graduate Program, and promote interactions among the students within the program. Satisfactory-fail only.

Micro 608. Molecular Virology. (Cross-listed with V MPM, Pl P). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered 2009. Prereq: BBMB 405 or GDCB 511. C. Miller, Blitvitch, A. Miller. Advanced study of virus host-cell interactions. Molecular mechanisms of viral replication and pathogenesis.

Micro 615. Molecular Immunology. (Cross-listed with BBMB, V MPM). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. F., offered 2007. Prereq: BBMB 405 or 502. Current topics in molecular aspects of immunology: T and B cell receptors; major histocompatibility complex; antibody structure; immunosuppressive drugs and viruses; and intracellular signalling pathways leading to expression of genes that control and activate immune function.

Micro 625. Mechanisms of Bacterial Pathogenesis. (Cross-listed with V MPM). (4-0) Cr. 4. Alt. S., offered 2009. Prereq: Credit in Biochemistry and Microbiology. Review of current concepts in specific areas of microbial pathogenesis including the genetic basis for bacterial disease, genetic regulation and control of virulence factors and their mechanisms of action, and host-pathogen interactions at the cellular and molecular levels. The application of microbial genetics to understanding pathogenesis will be included.

Micro 626. Advanced Food Microbiology. (Cross-listed with FS HN, Tox). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered 2008. Prereq: FS HN 420 or 421 or 504. Topics of current interest in food microbiology, including new foodborne pathogens, rapid identification methods, effect of food properties and new preservation techniques on microbial growth, and mode of action of antimicrobials.

Micro 679. Light Microscopy. (Cross-listed with GDCB, EEOB). (2-9) Cr. 5. Alt. F., offered 2008. Prereq: Permission of instructor. Current theories encompassing light optics and their applications for specimen preservation, paraffin and resin sectioning, general staining, histochemistry, cytophotometry, immunocytochemistry, autoradiography, image digitization, processing and presentation, and digitalmacro and digitalmicrography. Limit of 10 students.

Micro 680. Scanning Electron Microscopy. (Cross-listed with GDCB, EEOB). (2-9) Cr. 5. Alt. F., offered 2007. Prereq: Permission of instructor. Current theories encompassing scanning electron optics and their applications for high and low vacuum microscopy, specimen chemical and cryopreservation methods, x-ray microanalysis, backscattered and topographic imaging, image digitization, processing and presentation. Limit of 10 students.

Micro 681. Transmission Electron Microscopy. (Cross-listed with GDCB, EEOB). (2-9) Cr. 5. Alt. S., offered 2009. Prereq: GDCB 679 and permission of instructor. Current theories encompassing electron optics and their applications for chemical and physical specimen preservation, ultramicrotomy, general staining and cytochemistry, immunocytochemistry, autoradiography, negative staining and shadowing, x-ray microanalysis, image digitization, processing and presentation. Limit of 10 students.

Micro 685. Advanced Soil Biochemistry. (Cross-listed with Agron, EnSci). (2-0) Cr. 2. Alt. S., offered 2008. Prereq: Agron 585. Tabatabai. Chemistry of soil organic matter and biochemical transformations brought about by microorganisms and enzymes in soils.

Micro 690. Current Topics. Cr. 1-3. Repeatable. F.S.SS. Prereq: Permission of instructor. Colloquia or advanced study of specific topics in a specialized field.
A. Microbiology
B. Immunology
C. Infectious Diseases

Micro 692. Molecular Biology of Plant-Pathogen Interactions. (Cross-listed with Pl P). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. F., offered 2008. Prereq: Pl P 506 or BBMB 405 or Gen 411 or Micro 402 or course in molecular biology. Bogdanove, Whitham. Molecular and physiological mechanisms of plant disease and resistance. Host-pathogen recognition and response, resistance gene function, signal transduction, Agrobacterium, virus-host interactions.

Micro 697. Graduate Research Rotation. Cr. arr. Repeatable. F.S. Graduate research projects performed under the supervision of selected faculty members in the Interdepartmental Microbiology major.

Micro 698. Seminar in Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology. (Cross-listed with MCDB, GDCB, BBMB, V MPM). (2-0) Cr. 1-2. Repeatable. F.S. Student and faculty presentations.

Micro 699. Research. Cr. arr. Repeatable.