Industrial Safety


T 55.3.H3 Industrial Accident Prevention. Special Topics. Hazardous Substances


ATSDR ToxFAQ's, sponsored by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), is a "...series of summaries about hazardous substances being developed by the ATSDR Division of Toxicology. excerpted from the ATSDR Toxicology Profiles and Public Health Statements. Each fact sheet serves as a Answers are provided to...questions about exposure to hazardous substances found around hazardous waste sites and human health effects."
Upon accessing the site, the user will find links to view introductory information on the site and to view information on molecular models, viewable in GIF image form and 3D viewer file form. Users have access to downloading RasMol, software designed for 3D viewing. Below this area is the index of chemical files, divided into two letter groupings, "A-F" and "H-Z." Each group title is a direct link to its contents within the site. Access to the list of "Top 20 Hazardous Substances" is provided, as well as access to the ATSDR Public Health Statement Text search page.
To search the index of chemical files, users should select a letter group from the main page; selecting a chemical from the provided table then reveals its complete fact sheet. Here, information is provided on: summary of exposure; definition of the chemical; how chemical enters the environment and its actions thereafter; ways(means) of exposure; health effects from high, low, or long term exposure; chemical's ability to cause cancer; tests for exposure; EPA and OSHA guidelines; glossary of associated terms; and ATSDR contact information. The listing of "Top 20 Hazardous Substances" is accessed by selecting a substance from the alphabetical listing; at this point, the public health statement appears. This document discusses: the substance (definition of); means of exposure; health effects; exposure tests; exposure levels; government recommendations to protect one's health; and ATSDR contact information. The Public Health Statement Text search occurs through a provided keyword search field; upon activation, the engine returns a link to view the applicable statement text which discusses topics mentioned previously.
At the bottom of the site's main page are links to the ATSDR homepage and contact information. The site is sponsored by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry; Atlanta, Georgia.
To Search:
Select link of interest from site's main page and then choose substance/chemical of interest from listings to view complete chemical file or public health statement.

Current List of Toxics Release Inventory Chemicals

The Current List of Toxics Release Inventory Chemicals, also known as the TRI Chemical List, "...contains about 586 individually listed chemicals and 28 chemical categories. The total of 586 chemicals includes 20 listed chemicals that are reportable as part of the diisocyanates category and 19 chemicals that are part of the polycyclic aromatic compounds category. It also includes 6 chemicals for which 1995 reporting is not required pending resolution of listing issues by the EPA." The chapters of the chemical list are viewable only with Adobe Acrobat PDF format; a link is provided for information and downloading the software for site users.
Main links within the site include: (1) the current list of TRI chemicals; (2) the TRI homepage; (3) the EPA homepage; (4) the OPPTS homepage; (5) a user comments section; (6) search link; and (7) site index. Upon activating the "search" link, the user will find a keyword field for searching the EPA server. Other links are provided for access to EPA information, with titles being direct access to the WWW. Currently, the site's index is not operational.
To view the chemicals list, users should select its link from the main page. The list's table of contents page is then displayed, offering: (1) introduction and qualifiers; (2) alphabetical list of TRI chemicals; (3) CAS Number list of TRI chemicals; and (4) chemical categories. Using the arrow keys at the top of the screen allows for movement within the text; using these keys also allows the user to view individual pages of the listings.
The site is sponsored by the Office of Prevention, Presticides, and Toxic Substances (OPPTS); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); Washington, D.C.
To Search:
Select "chemicals list" or "search" link from site's main page. Insert data into search field; if viewing list, use arrow keys to move within text.

EPA Chemical Substance Fact Sheets

EPA Chemical Substance Fact Sheets is a compilation of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) information reports concerning 316 selected chemicals. The site is a division of the EcoGopher of the University of Virginia and is provided as a public service.
Upon accessing the site, users will find a Gopher menu and index of topics. Due to the number of reports contained within the site (316), users should consult the site for complete listings; scrolling reveals all topics, provided in an alphabetical order. Selected chemicals featured in the listings include: nitrophenol, butadiene, acetone, aluminum oxide, arsenic, barium, benzene, cadmium, chlorine, dicofol, ethylene, formaldehyde, isopropyl alcohol, lead, manganese, mercury, nickel, nitrofen, phenol, saccharin, silver, toluene, urethane, vanadium, zinc, and zinc oxide.
Selecting a chemical name reveals its EPA information sheet. Topics discussed within the document include: (1) chemical common name; (2) CAS number, DOS number; (3) entry date; (4) hazard summary; (5) identification; (6) reason for citation; (7) how to determine exposure; (8) workplace exposure limits; (9) ways of reducing exposure; (10) health hazard information (effects); (11) medical testing; (12) personal protective equipment; (13) respiratory protection; (14) fire hazards; (15) spills and emergencies; (16) handling and storage; (17) first aid; (18) physical data (on chemical); (19) chemical data; and (20) ecological information.
Additional report topics include: (1) acute (short-term) ecological effects; (2) chronic (long-term) ecological effects; (3) water solubility; (4) distribution and persistence in the environment; (5) bioaccumulation in aquatic organisms; and (6) support documents (sources). The site is sponsored by the EcoGopher Project; the University of Virginia; Charlottesville, Virginia.
To Search:
Select chemical name to view report. Scroll to view contents of report.

Hazardous Material Classification: NFPA Hazard Identification Coding System

Hazardous Material Classification: NFPA Hazard Identification Coding System is a division of the Learning Matters of Chemistry WWW site, designed by Dr. Yue-Ling Wong, which is " organic chemistry resource aimed to provide learning and teaching [of] organic chemistry on the net." This site is designed to show the color codes for safety for those who interact with hazardous chemicals and for those who need this information as a resource.
The site reflects a directory of Fire Hazard Codings for dangerous chemicals, with six categories represented: (1) fire hazard-- flash points; (2) health hazard; (3) reactivity; (4) specific hazard; (5) radiation hazard; and (6) no water. For each hazard category, the user will find the traditional warning symbol, as well as descriptions of hazard levels and their assigned codes. Users should scroll to view the site's contents.
At the bottom of the site's main page are a help link and a link to the homepage of the Learning Matters of Chemistry WWW site. The site is maintained by Dr. Yue-Ling Wong.
To Search:
Scroll to view site's contents.

Material Safety Data Sheet Index

The Material Safety Data Sheet Index, also known as the ENVIRO-NET MSDS Index, is a "...mirror of the University of Utah MSDS Database..." and provides the user with composition, packaging, usage, and precautionary information on hazardous chemicals. Within the index, users have access to detailed safety data sheets for all substances listed within the database.
A set of informational links is found at the top of the site's main page. "News" offers news updates, listed chronologically; titles are direct links to their respective texts. "Marketplace" provides access to a directory of chemical companies, to a calendar, to an associations listing, classifieds listing, and contracting and bid opportunities. "Regulations" offers information on environmental regulation agencies on the federal, state, local/regional, and international level. "E-mail" offers users an e-mail area to send comments to the site's creators.
Within the site's main page, a keyword search field is present. Also featured is an alphabetical index for users interested in pursuing manual chemical searches. In the latter case, selecting a letter from the index produces a listing of chemicals. Selecting a chemical name then reveals its complete record, detailing: (1) product name; (2) formula; (3) formula weight; (4) CAS number; (5) NIOSH/RTECS number; (6) common synonyms; (7) product codes; (8) precautionary labelling; (9) lab protective equipment; (10) precautionary label statements; (11) storage color code; (12) hazardous components; (13) physical data; (14) fire and explosion hazard data; (15) health hazard data; (16) reactivity data; (17) spill and disposal procedures; (18) protective equipment; (19) storage and handling precautions; and (20) transportation data and other information.
At the bottom of the site's main page are links to the ENVIRO-NET homepage and for e-mailing the site's sponsor, the National Technical Communications Company.
To Search:
Fill in keyword field or select letter from alphabetical index. Select chemical name from listings to view complete safety data.