Nature Conservation and Landscape Protection


QH 75.A3 Nature Conservation. Landscape Protection. Biological Diversity Conservation. Endangered Species and Ecosystems (General). Habitat Conservation. Ecosystem Management. Conservation Biology. General Works, Treatises, and Textbooks

Bibliography of Biodiversity Assessment Methodologies

The Bibliography of Biodiversity Assessment Methodologies is a service of the Environmental Resources Information Network (ERIN), "...a national facility allowing ready access to key information on the Australian environment and is an integral part of supporting requirements for ecologically sustainable management." Its intent is to provide "...environmental information of an extent, quality, and availability required for planning and decision making." The bibliography's creator states that the site is not complete, and keywords may not "...accurately reflect the contents of the paper." The site is updated monthly, and such updates are viewed at the end of the full bibliography text area.
Users have two courses of action upon entering the site: (1) to view the full bibliography, after downloading the document; or (2) to search the bibliography via a site index. If choosing the second method, the user will find a search engine page with fields for entering: title, author, keywords, text, and publication year. Filling in any combination of these fields is permissible; the search controls area enacts three options: defining the number of matches; joining the entry fields; or converting the results. Once the search is activated, the user will view the matching records, which feature: author's name (last, first); year of publication; title of article or book; journal title; volume and issue number; page(s); and keywords within the text. Listings are alphabetized by the authors' last names.
Links within the site access the new information area, the ERIN homepage, a Navigator area, the search engine, and a comments section.
The bibliography was compiled and is maintained by Arthur D. Chapman, ERIN Unit; Canberra, Australia. ERIN is a division of the Federal Department of the Environment, Sport, and the Territories, Australia.
To Search:
Select download or search option from main page. Enter keywords within fields to activate search engine and to view entries. Or download entire bibliography and browse entries.

Biodiversity and Ecosystems NEtwork (BENE)

The Biodiversity and Ecosystems NEtwork (BENE), " designed to foster enhanced communications and collaborations among those interested in biodiversity conservation and ecosystem protection, restoration, and management." It was "...founded as a partnership enterprise, to promote the exchange of information about biodiversity and ecosystems among participants from a range of backgrounds and disciplines." This site serves as the homepage for BENE, providing access to its various divisions.
Featured under the main page's world map is a table of contents with the site divisions listed: home page; information ; search; BIN21; projects; resources; and history. The information link accesses the general list of biodiversity sources found through the site: government sources; international sources; botanical gardens, zoos, and museums; regional and state networks; and BENE community projects. The search category allows the user three paths of inquiry: (1) using the BENE Index; (2) using the BENE table of contents; and (3) using the BIN21 Harvest database. For either the index or table of contents, users need only to submit a keyword to activate the search. Detailed instructions on the BIN21 database are available under its respective place in the site. Here, users find information on how to use and access the database, its various worldwide networks, its communications, products, virtual library, and services.
A listings of community projects is specified under its division; history detailing the network's creation is also included. Widespread information resources are also mentioned: ftp servers, archives, electronic mail, and Hypermail. In all cases, regardless of the topic chosen from the main page's listings, titles are electronic links to that respective information.
The site is maintained by Steve Young, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); and Leland Ellis, the Keck Center for Genome Informatics; Texas A & M University; Houston, Texas.
To Search:
Select topic of interest from table of contents on site's main page. Follow onscreen links or instructions to reach desired reocrds. All titles are electronic links to their respective listings.

Biodiversity Resource Center: Key Research and Information Centers

The Biodiversity Resource Center: Key Research and Information Centers is a directory within the Biodiversity Resource Center WWW site. This directory is designed to inform users of four major WWW site categories which specialize in biodiversity: (1) international and national organizations; (2) universities and non-governmental organizations (NGO's); (3) databases, metadatabases, and information services; and (4) international treaties, laws, and agreements.
Within each of the four categories, extensive listings are reflected, of which major items are mentioned in this summary. Among international listings are the: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); the Biodiversity Research Consortium (BRC); the National Biological Service; the Department of the Environment (UK); the European Environment Agency (EEA); and other groups within China, Australia, and Costa Rica. NGO listings show: the American Zoo and Aquarium Association; Animal Diversity Web; California Academy of Sciences; CIESIN; European Center for Nature Conservation (ECNC); the World Conservation Union (IUCN); and the WWF Global Network. Database entries include: BIN21; Bioline Publications; BIOSIS; Econet; METSPEC; the Policy Instruments Database (PID); Species 2000; and the USDA Ethnobotanical Database.
Among treaty and law listings are : the Convention on Biological Diversity and the UN Conference on Environment and Development. Within each of the four categories, subjects (sites) are listed alphabetically, and an in-depth description of the site's offerings is included. Titles are links to the WWW. Users will also find links to the Biodiversity Resource Center home page, to an organization registering form, a catalog, and to a listings update service, via e-mail.
The site was created and is maintained by Dr. R.C.J. Harling, Chapman and Hall Publishers; New York, New York.
To Search:
Choose category from top of main page to move directly to contents. Or browse through directory listings. Titles are direct links to WWW sites.

Biological Conservation Newsletter and Bibliography

This gateway provides access to two publications of the National Museum of Natural History, within the Smithsonian Institution -- the Biological Conservation Newsletter and the Biological Conservation Bibliography. Published by the Smithsonian's Department of Botany, each text seeks to bring recent research from the department to the user in a concise manner. The newsletter, a monthly publication, "...contains items on biological conservation issues. Articles on conservation research and current news items are featured, as well as information on new publications, fellowships and grants, job announcements, educational materials, and meetings. In addition, an extensive bibliography of current literature is provided, making the newsletter a valuable source to the biological diversity/conservation community."
"The Conservation Bibliography, which has been published in the 140 issues of the Biological Conservation Newsletter, includes over 8,000 references to literature on conservation biology. These references have been obtained from a weekly review of the new journals and books received by the Smithsonian Institution's Botany and Natural History libraries and from suggestions submitted by subscribers to the newsletter." Users will find recent issues of the newsletter available for browsing; the bibliography features detailed instructions on searching its listings.
Records within the bibliography provide: the author's name (last, first initial); date of publication ; title of the article or book; the source of the article(where applicable); name and location of publisher; issue and pages of journal article (if applicable); and total pages of book (if applicable).
Both publications and their respective sites are maintained by Jane Villa-Lobos, Editor, Department of Botany; the National Museum of Natural History, the Smithsonian Institution.
To Search:
A table of contents provides immediate access to the newsletter and bibliography. Within the newsletter listings, browse and select item of interest. For bibliography users, listings are organized by issue date and can also be accessed through a keyword search.

Conserving Biodiversity: A Research Agenda for Development Agencies

Conserving Biodiversity: A Research Agenda for Development Agencies, a publication of the National Academy Press, is available for browsing through this WWW site, a directory for the National Academy Press Bookstore. Here, users can view and purchase the publication, as well as have access to the various services provided by the National Academy Press Bookstore.
This book "...presents an agenda for research that can provide information to formulate policy and design conservation programs in the Third World. The book includes discussions of research needs in the biological sciences as well as economics and anthropology, areas of critical importance to conservation and sustainable development. Although specifically directed toward development agencies, non-governmental organizations, and decisionmakers in developing nations, this volume should be of interest to all who are involved in the conservation of biological diversity."
A special feature of this site allows the user to order the publication through an onscreen link; as well as to access the various information links within the National Academy Press Bookstore, the publishers of several government research groups.
The site is maintained by the National Academy Press and the National Academy Press Bookstore; Washington, D.C.
To Search:
Follow onscreen links to view publication contents and ordering information. Onscreen links provided to the bookstore and its services, as well as to the National Academy Press homepage.

Ecosystem Management Bibliography

The Ecosystem Management Bibliography is an "...annotated bibliography compiled at the College of Natural Resources, University of Minnesota, St.Paul....It is a survey of biophysical and social science related literature...that focuses on ecosystem management or the ecosystem approach." Presently, almost 1,100 citations have been placed on-line in the index; subject area names and numbers are part of each record so that the user may include this information within search specifications.
Within the Gopher index to the bibliography, the user will find three choices of action: obtaining general information on the site; browsing the records; or searching the index. The first category reveals a discussion on the project's scope, intent, and its creators. Details on obtaining copies of publications within the records are included in this area. The search option is activated through a keyword field, thereby opening the index. The second choice, browsing the records, opens a listing of subject categories: uses of concept; problems of theories and methods; human factors, causes, and consequences; sociocultural adaptation; global issues; policy planning and organization studies; various case studies; techniques and applications; development and philosophy; ecological integrity and biodiversity; general ecology and ecosystems; vegetation patterns and change/inventorying; wildlife and range; and forest issues.
Once a topic from this subject list is chosen, an alphabetical listing of index records under this subject appears. Selecting a title of interest reveals the bibliographic entry: the author's name (last, first initial); date of publication; title (of article or book); title of journal (for article); volume and issue numbers; page numbers; a brief description of contents; and the subject area name and number. For books, following the mention of the text title, comes: the publisher's name and location; total page numbers in the text; a brief description of content; and the subject area name and number.
The bibliography and its site are maintained by the Department of Forest Resources, College of Natural Resources; the University of Minnesota; St. Paul, Minnesota; with Charlie Blinn, serving as editor.
To Search:
Select information area, browse, or search option from main page. Within browse option, select subject of interest and publication title(s). For search engine, submit keywords to activate index.

EE-Link Endangered Species

EE-Link Endangered Species offers a browsable or searchable listing of endangered or threatened plant and animal species within the United States, organized by region for each category. Access to a listing of extinct vertebrates and the IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals, are also available. A collection of images of selective species, a clickable regional map, and a set of Facts and Factsheets are noteworthy.
The basepage includes sections on laws, policies, full-text documents, curricula, activities and projects for investigating endangered species in the classroom, and regional source information.
EE-Link is maintained at the University of Michigan, a partner in the Environmental Education Training Project of the North American Association for Environmental Education.
To Search:
Browse listing within selected region, or form-search full database by Common Name, Scientific Name, Historic Range and/or Status.

Germplasm Resources Information Network

"The Germplasm Resources Information Network ...provides germplasm information about plants, animals, microbes and invertebrates within the National Genetic Resources Program of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Agricultural Research Service." Within this web service are four systems: (1) the National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS); (2) National Animal Germplasm (including aquatics); (3) National Microbial Germplasm; and (4) the National Invertebrate Genetic Resources Program (NIGRP). Of the four, only the NPGS is fully operational; the animal and microbial systems are under development, and the invertebrate system only offers links to databases. Regardless of organism focus, each system seeks to preserve, maintain, acquire, document, distribute, and evaluate its respective germplasm in the efforts to promote genetic diversity.
Upon accessing the site, users must select a subject (focal) germplasm database. A table of contents is displayed once access is gained. It is urged that users choose to read the general information portion of the system to view items within record contents, which vary widely among the four systems. Each germplasm system has its own priorities, in terms of revealing information and data. Users must follow screen commands to access the data of their choice.
The network is maintained by the Database Management Unit of the National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Plant Sciences Institute; Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
To Search:
Select one of the four database sytems from main menu. Then select topic of interest from contents listing. Recommended viewing includes general information contents listing. Animal and microbial databases are under construction, so access is limited in these areas.

National Biodiversity Profiles

National Biodiversity Profiles is a series of reports, sponsored by the World Conservation Monitoring Center (WCMC), which "...provides information services on conservation and sustainable use of the world's living resources, and helps others to develop information systems of their own." Compiled reports are created on a country-by-country basis; this site details the profiles composed for the nations of Vietnam and India.
Within the site's main page are links to access the two national reports, via the names of their countries. A link is also given for a jobs listings area, the WCMC homepage, and a user comments area. Contact information for reaching the WCMC is given in the site. Upon selecting the nation of India, the user will see two links offered on the screen. The first accesses an article on the Indira Gandhi Conservation Monitoring Center (IGCMC), describing its creation, purpose, and future plans. The second link accesses India's biodiversity profile. Topics in this area include: geography and major biomes, biodiversity, protected areas network, programs and conservation, and others. Each title is the link to its respective area in the text; the actual full text can be viewed by scrolling past the table of contents.
The biodiversity profile of Vietnam contains a table of contents, showing: a biological profile section, development context area, special issues of the report, conclusion, contacts, and references. Here, topics are links to their respective areas within the report.
The site is sponsored by the World Conservation Monitoring Center; Cambridge; UK.
To Search:
Select country of interest from site's main page; titles within the table of contents are direct links to their respective areas in the text.

Red List Database

Red List Database is a division of the WCMC Animals Database, maintained by the World Conservation Monitoring Cemter (WCMC) Species Program. The Animals Database contains information on threatened species and others of "conservation concern" and produces the IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals, which is "...a compilation of species categorized as critically endangered, endangered, or vulnerable according to IUCN Categories of Threat."
At the top of the site's main page are links to: (1) WCMC Species Program; (2) IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals; and (3) IUCN Species Survival Commission. The main page also features database search fields: (1) all species; (2) class; (3) order; (4) family; (5) species; and (6) common name. Links to supporting documents are also present in this area: (1) overview; (2) search help; (3) threat categories; (4) notes; (5) taxonomic sources; and (6) summary statistics.
Users should select a database search field; a page then results with a keyword search field. Submitting information then results in second search page with a table of animal names; selecting an animal name then reveals its Red List information page, featuring: (1) taxonomic information; (2) common name(s); (3) category/criteria (IUCN category); (4) distribution (locale); (5) caveat; and (6) stock. Users should scroll to view the information page.
The bottom of the site's main page offers links to a list of other conservation databases, to e-mail WCMC, and to the WCMC comments area and homepage. The site is sponsored by the World Conservation Monitoring Cenmter; Cambridge, UK.
To Search:
Select search field within main page; enter data in provided search page. Select animal name from table to view Red List information.

QH 76.5.N7 Nature Conservation. Landscape Protection. Biological Diversity Conservation. Endangered Species and Ecosystems (General). Habitat Conservation. Ecosystem Management. Conservation Biology. By Region or Country, A-Z. North America

Man and the Biosphere Fauna Database

Man and the Biosphere Fauna Database is a service of the Information Center for the Environment, "...a cooperative effort of environmental scientists at the University of California, Davis, and collaborators at over thirty...organizations interested in environmental protection." At the top of the site's main page are links to the site's sponsor and to sources of information about the Man and the Biosphere project: UNESCO MABnet, MABNET America, and the U.S. Man and the Biosphere Mission Statement.
To access the Man and the Biosphere Database, the site features three major search methods: (1) searching by reserve name; (2) searching by country name; and (3) searching by species scientific name. In the first instance, users should select a specific reserve from the displayed list. Highlighted titles are the only reserves which feature complete records at this time. Once a reserve is chosen, the complete record is revealed: (1) the reserve name; (2) country; (3) size (in hectares and in acres); (4) year designated; (5) species list; and (6) related WWW sites, which are direct links to their sources. For users choosing to search by country, they must select a country from the provided list. A list of reserves for this nation is then displayed. For the third search option, users should select a species class by the first letter of its genus, within a given alphabetical listing. Classes of choice include: mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish. Once a species classes and letter have been chosen, the screen displays a list of matching species, in alphabetical order. Users should select a species, which then reveals a list of reserves where this species is located. For each species, a record is provided, which includes: the reserve name, the state (of the species), species presence, and residence status.
The site is sponsored by the Information Center of the Environment; University of California, Davis.
To Search:
Select one of the site's search methods from the main page. Follow onscreen links to view desired records.

QH 77.A8 Nature Conservation. Landscape Protection. Biological Diversity Conservation. Endangered Species and Ecosystems (General). Habitat Conservation. Ecosystem Management. Conservation Biology. Other Regions or Countries, A-Z. Australia

BIONET: Directory of World Wide Web Sites

BIONET: Directory of World Wide Web Sites is a division of the Community Biodiversity Network (CBN) and is a compilation of WWW sites for "...contacts, general information, and research relating to biodiversity conservation in Australia and worldwide." The site's creators specify that the listings are continually updated and that a directory of Australian community organizations, which are involved in biodiversity conservation, was added, effective at the closing of 1996.
Upon accessing the directory, the user will find a comprehensive listing of topics, from which he may choose. These, in turn, are divided into three groups: organization type, area of interest, and other directories. Among the subjects in the first group, the following are found: community conservation networks; peak conservation organizations; regional and local networks; international conservation networks; federal,state, and local government organizations; national,state, and territory scientific groups. Within the area of interest grouping, users will find: forests and woodlands; grasslands; rivers and wetlands; various animal species; and nine different areas under the heading "conservation approaches." National and international directories encompass the third category. Irrespective of the final group, the topics listed here are not inclusive descriptions of the original site's listings. Users should access the site to evaluate its topic holdings.
To begin the directory search, users select a topic from the main listings. Records then appear, each one providing: the title of the WWW site; a brief summary of the site's scope and contents; and the URL, for reference. Sites are not listed in alphabetical order, so browsing the records will be necessary. Title of sites are direct electronic links to that respective source in the WWW.
On the directory's main page are links to: a new information area within the directory; a search function (which is presently not operational); the homepage of CBN; and a comments area. The site is maintained by Pegasus Networks, Incorporated; and the Community Biodiversity Network, Australia.
To Search:
Select topic of interest from main page. Then select WWW site of interest from matching records. Other information links within site are accessible through top of main page.