Meteorology. Climatology

(QC:851-973)
Q--ScienceR-MedicineS-AgricultureT-TechnologyU-MilitaryV-Naval


QC 854 Dictionaries and Encyclopedias

Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)

Summary:
The Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) "...is a comprehensive source of information about satellite and in situ Earth science data, with broad coverage of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, oceans, solid earth, and biosphere. The GCMD is the American Coordinating Node of the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites International Directory Network (CEOS IDN) and is a participant in the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)."
The site's main page offers eight major links. "Controlled search" displays a query form with the following fields: (1) category; (2) topic; (3) term; (4) variable; (5) location keyword; (6) start/stop dates; (7) source; (8) sensor; (9) campaign; (10) investigator last name; (11) data center; and (12) coordinate fields. "Register your dataset" produces a DIF Authoring Tool page with fields; this form will build a data set description according to a user's selections and information submissions. "Earth science links" produces a table of subject categories; selecting a subject produces an alphabetical list of WWW sites with information on this subject. All titles are direct links to the WWW. "Free-text search" opens a free-text fielded query search page, consisting of two keyword search fields.
"Software/documentation" offers information on software operating the site's database; titles here are links to their respective texts. "Projects/outreach" discusses projects of the GCMD; users should scroll to view this document. "Forum" deails the INTEROP topic discussion group and features a link to subscribe to the list. Also within the main page are links to view the GCMD mission statement, a GCMD staff listing, a description of future goals and plans, as well as a link to the Earth Observing System (EOS) Data and Information WWW site. Finally, a link is given to the CEOS homepage. Below the main page diagram, the user will find other site areas: (1) general site information; (2) new additions; (3) important GCMD links; (4) Global Climate Change WWW links for the month.
At the bottom of the site's main page, users will find a last group of links: (1) standards; (2) FAQ; (3) search; (4) ftp site; (5) contact information; and (6) e-mail creators. The site is sponsored by the CEOS IDN; a branch of NASA; Washington, D.C.
To Search:
Select topic of interest from diagram or other link areas. Follow screen links to view desired information.

Weatherguide Glossary

Summary:
The Weatherguide Glossary is a part of the Gopher directory of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), established "...as a single agency on the premise that oceanic, atmospheric, and related earth science issues are inter-related and that common aprproaches to environmental observation, sampling, analysis, prediction and management will lead to the most cost effective approaches to fulfilling the Nation's [United States] needs." The site offers a glossary of weather and weather-related terminology to users.
Users should scroll to view the contents of the site. Terms are listed alphabetically, with each entry featuring the word and a one to five sentence definition.
The site is sponsored by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; U.S. Department of Commerce; Washington, D.C.
To Search:
Browse through listings.

QC 861.2 General Works, Treatises, and Advanced Textbooks

LDEO Climate Data Catalog

Summary:
LDEO Climate Data Catalog is a part of the LDEO Climate Data Library, a part of the WWW site for the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University (LDEO). The observatory and its programs compose a global research institute devoted to climate prediction. This site "...contains a wide variety of earth science data, primarily oceanographic and atmospheric datasets..." and features an interface which "...allows [users] to make plots, tables, and files from any dataset, its subsets, or processed versions thereof."
At the top of the site are links to further information: (1) Introduction to Climate Data; (2) a brief introduction on climate data; (3) an overview of the LDEO Data Library; (4) search examples; and (5) FAQ's. Within the main page, users can view search results of a world topography dataset or of an ocean climatologies dataset by selecting the appropriate link or the color image on the page's right side. Below this area is a directory of possible search methods, in all cases, users should select the method of choice and follow its screen links to view requested data.
"Dataset Search" allows for searching using an EXCITE search engine and keyword field. "Place Name Search" gives access to NOAA Monthly Station Data and NOAA Daily Station data for a search based on location or name. "Datasets by Category" provides access to category-based inquiries, as well as an introduction to climate data and the IGOSS Data Products Bulletin. At the bottom of the directory, a user will find "Datasets by Source," a search based on origination of data. "Other Data" lets a user read his/her own netCDF/HDF/CDF file. Sample pages are also open for viewing: (1) SST and Heat Flux; (2) Topography Viewer; and (3) Color the World Exhibit.
At the bottom of the site's main page, the user will find links to: (1) e-mail the site creators; (2) the Data Library Q&A; (3) LDEO Library homepage; (4) LDEO Library search page; (5) LDEO Library Q&A; (6) LDEO bugs area; (7) LDEO introduction; and (8) LDEO Climate Data Group. The site is maintained by the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Group (LDEO); Columbia University; New York, New York.
To Search:
Select search method from site's main page; follow screen links to desired information.

Meteorological and Climatological Information Server Searcher

Summary:
The Meteorological and Climatological Information Server Searcher (MACISS) is "...a suite of software that collects the addresses of servers, extracts information from the servers and adds this information to a searchable database. Servers that are thought to contain a meteorological, climatological, or atmospheric science component are searched. Currently, this includes those that are predominantly weather oriented.... The database currently contains URLs from over 600 servers."
Upon accessing the site, the user will find six links of interest. The first offers basic information on the server; the second details its searching capabilities. Functions of the searcher are explained in the third link; the searching engine (or "form") is found in the fourth link area. Suggestions for additional URLs for the site are added into the fifth area's link; credits for the site's creation come in the last link. In all cases, titles of links move the user to that particular area within the site.
To search MACISS (the server), users should select the "search form" link at the bottom of the site's main page. Both simple and complex queries are possible; users should submit information into the provided field. Options are also present for specifications within the query options, resulting sets, and broker records. Resulting matches will be a list of WWW sites, containing further information on the submitted subject. For each WWW site noted, the site's URL is its direct link to the WWW and its respective site. A summary of the site's content is also accessible through a link displayed in the list.
The searcher is sponsored by the School of Earth Sciences; Atmospheric Science; Macquarie University; Sidney, Australia.
To Search:
Select "search form" link at bottom of site's main page. Then fill in appropriate search fields. Titles (URLs) of resulting site matches are direct links to the WWW.

WMO-DDBs Climate Data Sets

Summary:
WMO-DDB's Climate Data Sets is a division of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which "...coordinates global scientific activity to allow increasingly prompt and accurate weather information and other services for public, private, and commercial use, including international airline and shipping industries." The site offers access to sixteen weather data centers specializing in climate data.
Upon accessing the site, the user will find a listing of sixteen weather data centers; each entry offers the name of a WWW site, the location of the weather facility (country and city), and the name of the affiliated agency or institution. Users should scroll to view all center listings; selecting a center name provides direct access to the center's WWW site.
The site is sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO); Geneva, Switzerland.
To Search:
Select site of interest from listings; site titles are direct links to the WWW.

WMO-DDBs Climate Monitoring

Summary:
WMO-DDB's Climate Monitoring is a division of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which "...coordinates global scientific activity to allow increasingly prompt and accurate weather information and other services for public, private, and commercial use, including international airline and shipping industries." The site offers access to four weather data centers specializing in climate monitoring.
Upon accessing the site, the user will find a listing of four climate monitoring centers; each entry offers the name of the center, its predominant type of activity (climate prediction), and the name of the affiliated agency or institution. Selecting a center name provides direct access to the center's WWW site.
The site is sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO); Geneva, Switzerland.
To Search:
Select site of interest from listings; site titles are direct links to the WWW.

WMO-DDBs Web Servers

Summary:
WMO-DDB's Web Servers is a division of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which "...coordinates global scientific activity to allow increasingly prompt and accurate weather information and other services for public, private, and commercial use, including international airline and shipping industries." The site offers access to six selected WWW sites in the areas of meteorological, hydrological, and associated information.
Upon accessing the site, the user will find a listing of six weather web servers; each entry provides the name of the server and its sponsoring agency or organization, the location of the server (city and country), and a brief description of the site, discussing its contents and scope. Selecting a server name provides direct access to the server's WWW site.
The site is sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO); Geneva, Switzerland.
To Search:
Select site of interest from listings; site titles are direct links to the WWW.

QC 875.A2A Metereological Stations and Observatories. Weather Service. General Works

Interactive Marine Observations

Summary:
Interactive Marine Observations offers current weather and sea state data being reported by automated marine stations within the National Weather Service (NWS).
The site's main page offers links to divisions of the National Weather Service WWW site: (1) homepage; (2) main; (3) search; (4) archives; (5) maps; (6) tables; (7) tides; (8) NDBC; (9) FAQ; and (10) guestbook. Within the main page, a world map is featured with higlighted areas. Below the map is a search field for Station ID data and links to: (1) U.S. buoy station ID list; (2) CMAN Station ID list; (3) FAQ links; and (4) e-mail site creator.
Users should select a highlighted area from the map; users should then select a buoy or CMAN station to get current weather conditions information. The conditions page contains the following: (1) site location (city, state); (2) station ID number; (3) type of platform; (4) instrument payload; (5) latitude/longitude; (6) link to detailed location map; (7) link to latest marine forecast; (8) time of observation; (9) current time; (10) meterological data (temperature, dew point, sea level pressure); (11) wind and sea state data (sustained wind, gust, estimated wind at 10 meters); (12) table of recent observations for station; (13) historical data links (1983-1996); (14) customized query fields; and (14) glossary link.
The site is maintained by David Faciane; National Weather Service; Tallahassee, Florida.
To Search:
Select area from main page map; select buoy or station icon from map of region. Scroll to view weather conditions page.

QC 879.8 Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

Glossary: Carbon Dioxide and Climate

Summary:
The Glossary: Carbon Dioxide and Climate is a companion site to that of the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), the "primary globe-change data and information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)....CDIAC's scope includes potentially anything...that would be of value to users concerned with the greenhouse effect and global climate change...." This glossary contains terms found in CDIAC documents and sources.
The contents of this glossary come from the publication, Glossary: Carbon Dioxide and Climate Change, edited by Fred O'Hara, Jr. The text was published by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
Users will find terms listed alphabetically, viewed either by a browsing method or through an index, found at the top of the site. Upon choosing a letter category, the user will then move to that respective area in the site. Individual records contain a one to four sentence definition of the term.
This site is maintained by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC); the Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
To Search:
Browse through site listings. Or select letter category of interest from main listing to move directly to that area of the site.

QC 911 Solar Radiation. Sunshine. General Works

Climate and Radiation

Summary:
Climate and Radiation is a part of the Laboratory for Atmospheres within the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) and "...conduct[s] basic and applied research with the goal of improving the fundamental understanding of Earth's regional and global climate on a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. Research emphasis is on physical processes involving atmospheric radiation and dynamics, in particular processes leading to the formation of clouds and precipitation and their effects on the water and energy cycles of the Earth."
At the top of the site are links to various NASA Research facilities and centers: (1) NASA; (2) Goddard; (3) DAAC; (4) DAO; (5) EOS; (6) GOES; (7) HPC; (8) MODIS; and (9) TRMM. The main page offers eleven major links, accessible via the main diagram or the list provided below this image. "Climate and Radiation" details general site information, providing links to the Laboratory for Atmosphere and to its various research divisions. Likewise, access is provided to publications and homepages of Goddard scientists. "Aerosols" gives details on tropospheric aerosols, a research focus; "analysis" details climate analysis done within the center. "Clouds" describes cloud radiative process research; "modeling" describes climate theory and modeling research at Goddard.
"Projects" displays an alphabetical list of Goddard climate and radiation projects; each title is a direct link to its respective information. "Personnel" offers a dual-frame screen; the left screen offers a main directory, while the right frame displays branch office e-mail information. "Publications" offers top links to a keyword search or a topic list of publications. Users should select a link of interest to search; titles of journals provide access to a list of holdings, and selecting an issue reveals its contents. "Rainfall" details rainfall research information; "remote sensing" discusses satellite remote sensing research. Lastly, "WebSites" offers a list of related WWW sites, with titles providing direct access to the WWW.
At the bottom of the site's main page are links to: (1) guestbook; (2) feedback area; (3) NASA homepage; (4) Goddard homepage; and (5) e-mail site creator. The site is sponsored by the Climate and Radiation Branch of the Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheres; NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; Greenbelt, Maryland.
To Search:
Select link of interest from site's main page; information pages contain links to further information on research.

QC 925.1 Aqueous Vapor. Rain Observations. By Region or Country. North America, United States, and Canada

Monthly Precipitation Data for U.S. Cooperative & NWS Sites

Summary:
Monthly Precipitation Data for U.S. Cooperative and NWS Sites is a directory which contains "...historical monthly precipitation data for all U.S. cooperative and National Weather Service (NWS) stations. The periods of record vary by station, with some stations having data back to about 1900, although many begin around the 1948 time frame. The data files are complete through 1995. The directory has a data file for each state...along with one file for several stations outside the U.S. such as Guam and Puerto Rico....There are currently over 8000 NWS and cooperative weather stations active and included in this directory, with many more currently inactive stations also included."
Users will find that upon accessing the site, a link is available to a higher level directory, as well as a "read me" link, detailing site information and instructions on accessing data via the WWW or FTP. All fifty states are included in the directory; users need only select a location of interest to view that region's records.
"The files consist entirely of ASCII character data. A header record begins each file with the station number, station name, state abbreviation, year, 12 months (Jan-Dec), and 'annual' appearing from left to right. The monthly and annual precipitation amounts are in inches and hundredths ....A value of '9999' indicates missing or incomplete data for that month, with '99999' indicating missing for the yearly total. The monthly total is only presented when all reported data were available and validated for that month. Likewise, the annual total is only presented when every monthly total for the year was available. These data are taken from NCDC digital database TD3220, which also contains additional elements such as temperature and snowfall."
The site is maintained by Neal Lott; National Climactic Data Center; Asheville, North Carolina.
To Search:
Select state or region of interest to view records. Browse through listings of data.
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