Astronomy (General)

(QB:1-139)
Q-ScienceR-MedicineS-AgricultureT-TechnologyU-MilitaryV-Naval


QB 1 Periodicals, Societies, Congresses, Serial Collections, Yearbooks

ADS Astronomy Abstract Service

Summary:
"This service provides access to about 210,000 astronomical abstracts since 1975... [A] resulting [retrieved] list is ranked by how closely the paper matched the query, and from this list, one can obtain all of the information contained in the ADS [Astrophysics Data System] Abstracts database (including the bibliographic code, title, authors, author affiliations, journal reference, publication date, category, origin, keywords, and abstract text)."
Other specialized search options are available, including a Table of Content (TOC) search of major astronomy and astrophysics journals. For a complete description and explanation of these other options see the ADS Abstract Service Help page.
This site maintained by the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA), Cambridge, MA and makes use of the NASA Astrophysics Data System Abstract Service.
To Search:
"Users can submit queries by author, [SIMBAD] object name, [NASA/STI] keywords, date range, words in the title, and words in the abstract text."

Astronomical Journal

Summary:
Astronomical Journal, a publication of the University of Washington, Department of Astronomy, is distributed and detailed in this site, sponsored by the American Institute of Physics (AIP), an organization begun "...for the purpose of promoting the advancement and diffusion of the knowledge of physics and its application to human welfare." The site is a compilation of available issues of the publication, which are listed chronologically, beginning with the most recent issue. No actual texts are open for viewing within the site; users should seek ordering and subscription information through the applicable link at the top of the site's main page.
Each issue listing features the volume and issue numbers, along with the journal's individual release date. Users should select an issue of interest; a listing of articles is then displayed, showing the texts, in their order of appearance within the periodical. Each article's record includes: (1) the title; (2) name(s) of author (initials, last name); (3) the page numbers where the article is located within the issue; and (4) a designation (via an icon) noting whether the text is available for ordering. Users should scroll to view site listings and issue listings.
At the bottom of the site's main page are three major links. The first gives access to the AIP homepage, for further information. The second opens the "Titles in Physics" homepage, a service which allows users to search 47 AIP society journals for topics of interest. The last link, "Journal List," accesses a comprehensive listing of all AIP journals. The site is maintained by the American Institute of Physics; New York.
To Search:
Select issue of interest from site's main page; then scan table of contents. Ordering and pricing information found via top link within site page.

The Astrophysical Journal and Supplement Series

Summary:
The Astrophysical Journal and Supplement Series, a publication of the American Astronomical Society, is distributed and detailed in this site, sponsored by the American Institute of Physics (AIP). The site is a compilation of available issues of the publication, which are listed chronologically, beginning with the most recent issue. No actual texts are open for viewing within the site; users should seek ordering and subscription information through the applicable link at the top of the site's main page.
Each issue listing features the volume and issue numbers, along with the journal's individual release date. Users should select an issue of interest; a listing of articles is then displayed, showing the texts in their order of appearance within the periodical. Each article's record includes: (1) the title; (2) name(s) of author (initials, last name); (3) the page numbers where the article is located within the issue; and (4) a designation (via an icon) noting whether the text is available for ordering. Users should scroll to view site listings and issue listings.
At the bottom of the site's main page are three major links. The first gives access to the AIP homepage, for further information. The second opens the "Titles in Physics" homepage, a service which allows users to search 47 AIP society journals for topics of interest. The last link, "Journal List," accesses a comprehensive listing of all AIP journals. The site is maintained by the American Institute of Physics; New York.
To Search:
Select issue of interest from site's main page; then scan table of contents. Ordering and pricing information found via top link within site main page.

QB 14 Dictionaries and Encyclopedias

Astronomy Thesaurus

Summary:
The Astronomy Thesaurus, compiled by Robyn M. Shobbrook and Robert M. Shobbrook,is "...endorsed by the International Astronomical Union and has been compiled to try to standar[dize] the terminology in the field of astronomy. It is for aiding unambiguous library cataloguing and more precise recall of data from computer databases....[It] is intended for use by astronomy librarians and scientists."
Onscreen links are provided for information on the site, an acknowledgements area, a help area, and language conversion links, represented by flags. Information on FTP access of the thesaurus is available under the compilers' information area. To activate the search, users must choose one of the five language options : English, French, German, Italian, or Spanish. The user is then presented with the main search engine page.
Here, users may activate the system through a keyword search or by browsing the alphabetical listings. Alterations to the searching language (changing from one to another) can be made at any point in the search. Upon selecting a letter in the browsing category, alphabetical listings reveal the entries. Selecting a word to view then displays the word's translation into each of the thesaurus's five languages, as well as a list of synonyms. Each of these synonyms, in turn, is an electronic link to its respective entry.
The thesaurus is presently under construction and is maintained by David Fullagar; Mount Stromlo and Siding Spring Observatories (MSSO); the Institute of Advanced Studies, the Australian National University.
To Search:
Select language flag at bottom on main page. Then search via alphabetical listings or keyword activation. All words are links to respective entries.

AstroWeb: Astronomy/Astrophysics on the Internet

Summary:
Astro-Web: Astronomy/Astrophysics on the Internet is a gateway for astronomy-related information on the Internet. The site's database is maintained by the AstroWeb Consortium, a group of seven institutions within this field:(1) The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI); (2) the Mount Stromlo and Siding Spring Observatories (MSSSO); (3) the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO); (4) the Villa Franca Satellite Tracking Station (Villafranca); (5) the CDS yellow pages; and (6) the WWW Virtual Library: Astronomy and Astrophysics (CERNWWW-VL). The seventh facility, ST-ECF, is presently undergoing revisions to its links within the database.
Information within the database is sorted in two manners -- by protocol and by category. Participating institutions are listed according to their sorting preference. Within the main menu, users have access to the master database, an input area for contributions or corrections, as well as an e-mail area. To search the database, users need to submit keywords into the provided fields; Boolean operators are allowed, and detailed instructions on searching are accessible through the main menu.
Items within the database are in the following categories:(1) research groups; (2) telescopes (radio, optical, solar, and space); (3) earth, space, and planetary science sources; (4) data centers, archives, and surveys; (5) preprints, abstracts, and bibliographical services; (6) people-related resources; (7) software and computer-related sources; and (8) education-related sources. When matching results of a search are shown, the user will find: the name of the sponsoring individual, institution, or organization; the location of the sponsor; and a brief description of the site's content (if provided by the sponsor). Search matches are not displayed in alphabetical order, so scrolling is required to find desired records. Each entry's title is an electronic link to its WWW site.
The site is maintained by The AstroWeb Consortium and Anton Koekemoer of the Mount Stromlo and Siding Spring Observatories (MSSSO)>
To Search:
Submit keywords in search field provided in main menu. Browse through matching entries. Each entry's title is a link to its WWW site.

QB 35 Biography. Collective

StarHeads

Summary:
StarHeads is a "...searchable directory of personal WWW pages of... astronomers and related space scientists...." The site currently contains over 2,500 entries for searching. At the top of the site's main page, users will find links to the copyright and disclaimer for the site, to the NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS), features of the directory, usage tips, and hot news, an area of recent site additions or developments.
To search the directory, users should submit data to the character string (keyword) field and the case sensitivity fields. Resulting matches will be listed aplhabetically, according to last name. For each scientist, the user is provided: (1) name (last, first); (2) institution or organization affiliation; and (3) city, state, and country. Selecting a name from the list then connects the user to that individual's homepage on the WWW.
At the bottom of the site's main page are links to usage tips for the directory, a list of national telephone, fax, and telex codes, papers on the Star*s family of astronomy and related resources, to the StarGuides WWW site, and to the StarWorlds WWW site. The directory and its site are maintained by Andre Heck; the Astronomical Observatory; Strasbourg, France.
To Search:
Fill in provided keyword and case sensitivity fields. Within resulting names list, selecting name then links user to that scientist's WWW homepage.

QB 47 Astronomy. Special Aspects of the Subject as a Whole

Astronomical Software Directory Service

Summary:
The Astronomical Software Directory Service (ASDS) is a network service, whose primary objective is "...to allow astronomers and astronomical software developers to easily locate existing programs for their use and re-use, providing a uniform level of high-level documentation (package capabilities, system dependencies, installation requirements, etc.). The ASDS attempts to catalog a comprehensive set of astronomical data reduction and analysis software, along with ancillary programs of interest to astronomers." The service is intended solely as a directory -- a query for a certain kind of software results in instructions for obtaining relevant packages. ASDA is under development and is a prototype of a database. Most of the collection is kept at software providers' sites, rather than at a central repository.
The service's collection is broken into two general classifications: (1) high level package descriptions and (2) on-line documents. The first category is made up of "...overviews of the capabilities, requirements, and availability of every package in [the] collection...." The second contains "...the documentation (user guides, programmer guides, on-line help files, etc.) made available by the software providers." Within the collection, these categories of software/data are available: (1) high level package descriptions; (2) data reduction and analysis; (3) document preparation; (4) graphics, plotting, image display, and visualization; (5) modeling and simulation; (6) statistical methods, tools, and codes; (7) subroutine library; and (8) utility programs.
Users have access to the following screen links: (1) ASDS search page; (2) browsing the ASDS collection;(3) listing software on ASDS; (4) the ASDS project; (5) project architecture; (6) ASDS-related publications; (7) ASDS to-do list; and (8) the ASDS team (site creators). The collection search page contains a keyword entry field to activate a search. Users can also select from a subdirectory of topics. Extensive help instructions are also provided. Software companies can list their holdings with the directory; users can browse the history and structure of the collection. If choosing to browse the collection, users will find the eight software groups as search topics. Selecting any one of these results in an alphabetical listing of applicable software. Each record contains: (1) a description of the software; (2) history of program; (3) how to obtain the software; (4) system requirements; (5) online resources and other resources; (6) program characteristics; and (7) recommendations from the site's creators.
The site and its service are funded by the NASA Astrophysics Data Program.
To Search:
Select topic of interest from main menu listings. Follow onscreen links to desired information on software.

QB 88 Astronomical Instruments. Modern. Telescopes. Objectives. Mirrors

Conversion Factors, Material Properties and Constants Related to Telescope Design

Summary:
Conversion Factors, Material Properties and Constants Related to Telescope Design is a division of the WWW site, Telescope Documentation, a site sponsored by the Apache Point Observatory, a facility of New Mexico State University.
The top of the site features a table of contents, noting each major site topic: (1) conversion factors; (2) material properties; (3) physical constants; (4) astronomical constants; and (5) other tables. Users can scroll to view site content or select a site topic to move directly to its area within the site. Also within the main page is general information on each subject; each topic offers either a link to view its table or presents its table within the site's main page. Users should consult the site for complete content of tables; noted here are the focal subjects of each table within the site.
"Conversion factors" offers a table with various units, compared to their SI equivalents; "material properties" details engineering material properties, listed alphabetically, for common engineering and other materials. All units here are in SI format. "Physical constants" offers a short list of physical constants, reflected in SI units. "Astronomical constants" offers a table of astronomical constants, shown in SI units. Lastly, "other tables" provides WWW access to: (1) MIT Materials Science Data; (2) NASA Constants and Equations for Calculations; and (3) CIA Weights and Measures.
The site is sponsored by the Apache Point Observatory; a facility of New Mexico State University, located in Sunspot, New Mexico.
To Search:
Scroll to view site contents or select subject link from top of site.

QB 136 Space Astronomy

Cambridge University Press Handbook of Space Astronomy and Astrophysics

Summary:
The Cambridge University Press Handbook of Space Astronomy and Astrophysics ,is a guide to these scientific fields, available for reading and study within this site. Authored by Dr. Martin V. Zombeck, the work is reproduced, in its entirety, through the NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS) Virtual Library, of which this site is a division.
Upon accessing the site, the user finds the handbook's table of contents. Major topics of interest in the text include: radio, infrared, ultraviolet, x-ray, and gamma ray astronomy; cosmic rays; earth's atmosphere and environment; relativity; atomic and plasma physics; electromagnetic radiation; experimental astronomy and astrophysics; aeronautics; astronautics; statistics; and radiation safety. Each chapter title is a direct link to the contents of its section.
After selecting a chapter title, a detailed listing of that chapter's contents is displayed, each topic accompanied by its respective page number(s). Selecting the page number accesses the actual text and/or images within the handbook. At the bottom of each page is a link for returning to the table of contents, to aid in searching.
All material within the site is copyrighted by Dr. Martin V. Zombeck, of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; Cambridge, Massachusetts. The site is maintained by the NASA Astrophysics Data System and its Virtual Library, Harvard University; Cambridge, Massachusetts.
To Search:
Select chapter title of interest from table of contents. Then select page number(s) to view text.
CyberStacks(sm)