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Social History, Problems, and Reform

(HN:1-981)

G-Geography H-Social Sciences J-Political Science K-Law


HN 49.C6 Special Topics. Community Development. Rural Development

Annotated Bibliography on Action Research, Including Qualitative Research and Program Evaluation

An annotated bibliography on action research, including qualitative research and program evaluation is the extended title of the Cornell Participatory Action Research network (PARnet), located at this site. Here, users, upon accessing the new homepage, will find information on participatory action research, which is defined as "...a process of systematic inquiry, in which those who are experiencing a problematic situation in a community or workplace participate collaboratively with trained researchers as subjects, in deciding the focus of knowledge generation, in collecting and analyzing information, and in taking action to manage, improve, or solve their problem situation."
Upon accessing the table of contents, users will find seven areas within the site: (1) searching area; (2) calendar of events; (3) academe (faculty and courses); (4) PARtalk (online conversations); (5) PARarchives (links to online publications); (6) registry (for locating colleagues); and (7) toolbox (general information area). The search category accesses a page with a keyword search mechanism. Specific areas within PARnet have separate databases, each opened through its respective category name at the top of the search page. A calendar of upcoming events can be viewed, as well as a listing of international events of interest. The academe site section details courses related to participatory action research taught at Cornell and other universities. Users will find: the name of the department offering the course; the course title; the instructor's name and e-mail address; and a brief description of the course.
PARtalk offers listings of scholarly publications on the WWW within the field of participatory action research. Selecting a letter category from the top of the page or browsing the entries reveals text records. Individual entries contain: the author or organization's name; title of the work; volume and issue numbers (for journals); publisher name and location (for books); and year of publication. Within all entries, highlighted areas are direct links to the WWW. Locating colleagues occurs through the registry section of the site; users can narrow their searches through several keyword fields or register with PARnet through a link found on the bottom of this page. The final area, toolbox, offers a list of articles about participatory action research and a bibliography for one of the included texts.
The site is part of the Cornell Participatory Action Rsearch Network, and is maintainedy by the Mario Einaudi Center for International Studies and the Cornell Local Government program; Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

PARNet Registry

Summary:
The PARNet Registry is a division of the PARNet WWW site, sponsored by the Cornell Participatory Action Research Action Network. The registry is designed to "...help anyone find and contact professional PAR practitioners all around the world." Presently, the site contains only sixteen records; users are advised to download the site's entire contents to find desired records. Consulting the top information area will reveal the number of records within the site.
At the top of the site's main page are PARNet links: (1) search PARNet; (2) calendar; (3) academe; (4) PARtalk; (5) PARchives; and (6) Toolbox. Users can select a letter group from the alphabetical index to view contents of that category or download the entire site contents, if such action is deemed possible, given the size of the document. Users can also search the registry; search fields are provided for: (1) name (last and/or first); (2) institution; (3) approach to PAR; (4) area of inquiry; (5) geographic focus; and (6) keyword. At the bottom of the site's main page is a link for registering with the directory via a provided form.
After selecting a letter category, the resulting listings will be displayed in alphabetical form, based on the practitioner's last name. Individual entries contain: (1) name; (2) position/rank; (3) employer; (4) theoretical focus; (5) area(s) of inquiry; (6) geographic focus; (7) narrative (personal description of activities and research); (8) affiliation; and (9) business address. Names are direct links to e-mailing the practitioners.
The site is sponsored by The Cornell Participatory Action Research Action Network; Cornell University; Ithaca, New York.
To Search:
Select letter category and scroll through resulting listings. Practitioner names are direct e-mail links.

Participatory Action Research: Traditions and Major Assumptions: Bibliography

Summary:
Participatory Action Research: Traditions and Major Assumptions: Bibliography is a division of the PARnet WWW site's PAR tools area, which is a "...project of the Cornell Participatory Action Research Network [PARnet]. This series is intended to provide short, definitive overviews of various methods and techniques which may assist practitioners in choosing and introducing them in the PAR process." Of interest within the site is the central document's bibliography, accessible from the table of contents.
At the top of the site are links to other divisions of PARnet: the calendar, academe area, PARtalk (a comments area), PARchives (archives), registry, and tools area. Within the site's table of contents, these topics are featured: (1) about the document; (2) definitions; (3) traditions, including research in organizations, community development, schools, and technology; (4) major assumptions of participatory action research, including values, ownership, and research methods; and (5) the bibliography. Each title is a link to its respective contents in the site. Scrolling past the table of contents, the user will find an e-mail area for PARnet, a downloading site to view the text in a PostScript form, and the entire contents of the publication.
To access the bibliography, users should select its title from the table of contents. Listings are alphabetized and are references for the document. A record contains; (1) the author's name (last, initials); (2) year of publication; (3) title of work (if article or book); (4) publisher's name and location (if book); (6) title of journal (if article); and (7) volume, issue, and page numbers.
The site is sponsored by Participatory Action Research Network (PARnet); Cornell University; New York.
To Search:
Select bibliography from site's table of contents; browse through listings.

PD Resources: Participatory Development Online Resources

Summary:
PD Resources: Participatory Development Online Resources is a site constructed of WWW links, presently under development. It is a division of the Participatory Initiatives WWW site, whose sponsoring organization, Participatory Initiatives, "...aim[s] at enhancing the ability of all people to participate in the decisions which affect their lives."
Within the site's main page are links, listed as a table of contents: (1) resources by category; (2) articles and tools, including facilitator tools, community based planning, and articles; (3) e-mail discussion lists; (4) online participatory resource listings; (5) organizations and networks; and (6) category resources, including participatory democracy, monitoring and evaluation, participatory facilitation, PLA,PRA,RRA, and research. Titles within categories are direct links to their respective information, whether inside or outside the site.
The site is sponsored by Participatory Initiatives; Guelph, Ontario.
To Search:
Select topic of interest from site's main page. Topics are direct links to their respective information.

Plan of Action for People's Participation in Rural Development

Summary:
The Plan of Action for People's Participation in Rural Development is a policy, plan, and strategy document of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, available for study through this site. At the top of the site are links to the SD Dimensions WWW site, the People's Participation WWW site, and a Resources link. The first is the information service of the FAO's Sustainable Development Department (SD), where users can access the homepage for more information. The second link opens a services area of the People's Participation division; the last link offers publications, accessible in English, French, or Spanish.
The user will find the publication's table of contents open for viewing. Topics found there include: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Background and Strategy of the Plan of Action"; (3) "Action Areas"; and (4) "Implementation of the Plan of Action." The policy's overviews reflect the conclusions of the FAO Conference, held in Rome, November, 1991: (1) create favorable legal and policy conditions; (2) strengthen capacities of rural organizations at local and national levels; (3) decentralize government decision-making; (4) promote dialogue and technical collaboration; (5) introduce appropriate operational procedures and methods; and (6) monitor and evaluate people's participation.
The site is maintained by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO); Rome, Italy.
To Search:
Scroll to view contents of site.

Recommended Books & Articles on Sustainable Community Development

Summary:
Recommended Books and Articles on Sustainable Community Development is a list that "...identifies sources that [the creators] feel are best suited to helping [a] community plan for and implement economic development strategies that will enhance [the] local economy, the environment, and quality of life." The site also provides access to WWW sites that offer bibliographies and lists of publications related to sustainable development.
At the top of the site's main page is an access point (via an image) to the Center for Excellence for Sustainable Development within the U.S. Department of Energy, the site's sponsor. Below this image is a general information area and contact details for reaching the center by mail, phone, fax, or e-mail. The site also contains four major divisions, revealing the list's main topics: (1) recommended books; (2) recommended articles; (3) on-line bibliographies; and (4) on-line publications lists. Each of the four topics is the direct link to its respective area within the site. Users can browse the site's contents or move freely among records by selecting a topic of interest.
The books division of the list is alphabetized according to title. For each text within the listings, users will find the work's title, publication year, name of the publishers, and ISBN. A brief description of the book's contents follows this data. Articles are alphabetized according to the author's last name. An entry in this area features: the author's name (last, first, middle initial); year of publication; title of article; journal title; volume and issue numbers; and page numbers of the text. Both the on-line bibliographies and the on-line publications lists are alphabetized by the titles of their respective sites; for each site noted in the listings, the site's title and URL are provided. Each site's URL is the direct link to its respective contents on the WWW.
The site is sponsored by the Center for Excellence for Sustainable Development; the U.S. Department of Energy; Golden, Colorado.
To Search:
Select topic of interest from main page to move directly to contents. Or browse through site listings.

HN 981.C6 Developing Countries. Special Topics, A-Z. Community Development

Enhancing Stakeholder Participation in Aid Activities

Summary:
Enhancing Stakeholder Participation in Aid Activities is a publication of the Overseas Development Administration (ODA), the aid wing of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, which manages Britain's aid to about 150 developing countries, as well as the states of central and eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. The report reflects extensive consultation among ODA management concerning the "constraints" and "downfalls" of participatory approaches, and it also reflects experience drawn from other aid agencies, including NGO's and the World Bank. The report provides guidance in defining and developing appropriate tools and methods for enhancing stakeholder participation. It is supplemented by two guides for ODA staff on measuring participation and doing stakeholder analysis.
The report's site features a detailed table of contents with the following major topics or textual divisions: (1) introduction; (2) Part One: "Definitions and Issues"; (3) Part Two: "Participation in Practice"; and (3) a bibliography. Part One is subdivided into the following topics: what is stakeholder participation; why is it important; details on people involved; and how they become members. Part Two details the following concerns: policy and projects; methods for enhancing participation; and checklists for participation. Underneath the table of contents, the full text of the document is found. Users can scroll through the sections, reading the text thusly. An alternative method of viewing the report is found is by selecting a title of interest from the table of contents; this slection then moves the user to that portion of the report. At the bottom of the document is a link to the ODA homepage within the WWW for further information.
The report and its site are copyrighted and maintained by the Overseas Development Administration (ODA); Social Development Department; Foreign and Commonwealth Office; London, England.
To Search:
Move past table of contents to browse and read report contents. Or select topic of interest from main page listing to move directly to that portion of the text.

FAO People's Participation Programme

Summary:
FAO People's Participation Programme (PPP), is a document of the People's Participation Program of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The text discusses the PPP's activites within rural poor peoples in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. According the authors, over 13,200 people have participated in the program, benefiting over 80,000 citizens. The site, along with its text, outlines procedures on how to involve people in the process of development participation.
At the top of the site are links to the SD Dimensions division of the FAO, to the People's Participation homepage, and to the resources division of the PPP. Also present are a series of links, titles of sections within the document. Each link provides direct access to its portion within the document. Titles of sections include: (1) Introduction; (2) "Selecting Project Participants"; (3) "Forming Groups"; (4) "Group Activities"; (5) "Savings and Credit"; (6) "Group Promoters"; (7) "Costs and Benefits"; and (8) "Further Information."
The site is sponsored by the People's Participation Program (PPP) of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); Rome, Italy.
To Search:
Title links at top of site are direct links to respective contents. Or browse through contents of text.

Guidance Note on How to Do Stakeholder Analysis of Aid Projects and Programmes

Summary:
The Guidance Note on How to Do Stakeholder Analysis of Aid Projects and Programmes is a publication of the Overseas Development Administration (ODA), the aid wing of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, which manages Britain's aid to about 150 developing countries, as well as the states of central and eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. It is a supplement for ODA staff to the official publication, Enhancing Stakeholder Partipcation in Aid Activities. The latter report provides guidance in defining and developing appropriate tools and methods for enhancing stakeholder participation.
This supplement's site features a detailed table of contents with the following major topics or textual divisions: (1) Part One: "Introduction: What, Why, When, and Who?"; (2) Part Two: "How to Do a Stakeholder Analysis"; (3) Part Three: "Using the Findings of a Stakeholder Analysis"; and (4) a group of examples for reference. Part One is subdivided into the following topics: defining stakeholder analysis and stating its purpose, activators, settings, and appropriate methods. Part Two details the following topics: creating lists and tables; interests in relation to projects; accessing influence and importance of stakeholders; using a matrix diagram; and drawing out assumptions and risks affecting project design and participation. Part Three features the importance of the project concept note and the project document. Underneath the table of contents, the full text of the document is found. Users can scroll through the sections, reading the text thusly. An alternative method of viewing the report is found by selecting a title of interest from the table of contents; this selection then moves the user to that portion of the document. At the bottom of the actual text is a link to the ODA homepage within the WWW for further information.
The supplement and its site are copyrighted and maintained by the Overseas Development Administration (ODA); Social Development Department; Foreign and Commonwealth Office; London, England.
To Search:
Move past table of contents to browse and read report contents. Or select topic of interest from main page listing to move directly to that portion of the text.

Guidance Note on Indicators for Measuring and Assessing Primary Stakeholder Participation

Summary:
The Guidance Note on Indicators for Measuring and Assessing Primary Stakeholder Participation is a publication of the Overseas Development Administration (ODA), the aid wing of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, which manages Britain's aid to about 150 developing countries, as well as the states of central and eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. It is a supplement for ODA staff to the official publications, Enhancing Stakeholder Participation in Aid Activities and The Guidance Note on How to Do Stakeholder Analysis of Aid Projects and Programmes. The former report provides guidance in defining and developing appropriate tools and methods for enhancing stakeholder participation.
The note's site features a detailed table of contents with the following major topics or textual divisions: (1) Part One: "Introduction"; (2) Part Two: "Indicators in the Project Framework"; (3) Part Three: "How Indicators Can Be Measured and Assessed"; (4) Part Four: "Checklists"; and (5) a bibliography. In addition to these sections is a list of boxes, detailing "Participatory Self Evaluation: the FAO's People's Participation Programme," and its provided example, "A South Asian Rural Water Supply Project."
Underneath the table of contents, the full text of the note is found. Users can scroll through the sections, reading the text thusly. An alternative method of viewing the note is found by selecting a title of interest from the table of contents; this selection then moves the user to that portion of the document. At the bottom of the actual text is a link to the ODA hompage within the WWW for further information.
The note and its site are copyrighted and maintained by the Overseas Development Administration (ODA); Social Development Department; Foreign and Commonwealth Office; London, England.
To Search:
Move past table of contents to browse and read report contents. Or select topic of interest from main page listing to move directly to that portion of the text.

People's Participation in Ghana - a Post-Project Study of Sustainability

Summary:
People's Participation in Ghana --a Post-Project Study of Sustainability is a document of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and was released in May, 1996. The text discusses a People's Participation Program (PPP) which was established in Ghana by the FAO in 1982, only to have FAO involvement terminated in 1992. A post-project study was commissioned, of which the site presents a written response to study concerns: (1) the sustainability and self-reliance of organizations formed by the project; (2) the degree of institutionalization and replication of PPP development approaches in Ghana upon completion of the study; and (3) the benefits of individuals and organizations received from the project.
Links at the top of the site provide access to the SD Dimensions division of the FAO, to the People's Participation division of the FAO, and to PPP resources. Users should scroll to view the contents of the document; presented here are major topics of the text: (1) Introduction; (2) Benefits and Costs of PPP in Ghana; (3) Sustainability and Future of PPP Groups; (4) Institutionalization and Replication; and (5) PPP Development Approach.
At the conclusion of the document, users will find links to the PPP homepage, news area, analysis division, and PPP resources links. The site is sponsored by the People's Participation Program of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); Rome, Italy.
To Search:
Scroll to view contents of document.
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